Inviting all allies to come stand in solidarity to protect the inherent rights of our children in a gathering and press conference scheduled for NOON on Wednesday May 31, 2023 at Kanienkehaka Kaianerekowa Kanonsesne, located at 560 SR 37 Akwesasne, NY 13655.
See message below and attached documents for basis:
May 22, 2023
THE MESSAGE: The people of Kanienkeh have inhabited Anonwa’re:ke since time immemorial and have adhered to Kaienerekowa consistently. The Kanienkehaka have never relinquished, traded, bartered, sold, or compromised their title and responsibilities to the land and all the natural resources including air and water. The Kahnistensera execute their responsibilities as stewards of the land and consistently commit to protecting the integrity of it for the children to come.
As such, the Kanienkehaka remind our families, our territories, and those who reside upon our mother that this land was, is, or never will be up for adoption, sale, transfer or dismantlement.
If there is an individual, organization, committee, corporation or government that is in negotiations for lands on A’nonwareke, this is an illegitimate conduct. Individuals who claim to represent Kanienkehaka in any manner that is in contrary to our constitution have placed themselves outside of Teiotiokwenhakstha (see wampum #58).
Teiotiokwenhakstha is consistently enacted to maintain harmony with the natural world.
Let it be known that ANY land claims or land negotiations will NOT be recognized and are unacceptable by the Kanienkehaka.
Kahentinetha Horn, a lissum Indian, forecast an Indian in the future of every University of Toronto student who jammed Hart House art gallery yesterday to hear her talk on the arts and culture of contemporary Indians. Miss Horn prophesied that in 35 years, Canada’s Indian population would be 1,800,000 – or roughly one out of every 25 persons. would be an Indian, she said. “You are the privileged of the privileged”, she told the students. “You are the 82 per cent of the future leaders of Canada” – I represent the despairing 1 per cent who are multiplying rapidly in Canada. Now is the time you must learn about Indians to help us achieve our main goal.” The first goal of Indians is to be able to support themselves, she said. On each Wall of Hart House gallery hung paintings by Norval Morrisseau, Ojibway Indian from Beardmore, Ont. “They conveyed a message of the past”, Miss Horn said. “Such art flows through the blood of my brothers and sisters – but most of the benefits reaches the white man’s salons?” While Indian culture certainly encompasses significant art form, the arts of Indians have leaned more to warfare and politics, Miss Horn said. “For 20,000 years, the Indians have had a struggle to survive the forces of nature. The cultural arts come only with leisure – after survival.” The greats of her ancestors, the Iroquois, were related to politics and warfare. The United Nations concepts are modelled on the Iroquois Confederacy, for example. Their arts of warfare are the reasons the students speak English today instead of French, she said. That’s why you have Prime Minister Pearson as leader instead of President de Gaulle”. Most Indians, Miss Horn said, are unemployable. “I’m afraid technical sciences will keep Indians unemployable. We haven’t time to think about our arts. We have to keep our people alive. How to keep our women alive, for example, past the age of 45. Why does one out of 10 of our babies die before the age of 4? Don’t ask me why; nobody has ever researched the reason. It’s just a statistic. We need housing, medical care, community planning, training and education. We need an interest in welfare – there’ll be one of us in thec future for every one of you.
Note to readers: The population of indigenous people in Canada today is 1.800,000.
The Mohawk Warrior Society Book Launch and Screenings on Indigenous Sovereignty and Survival Tuesday, October 18, 2022 – Wednesday, October 19, 2022 11 a.m. – 4 p.m. 4TH SPACE J.W. McConnell Building, Concordia University 1400 De Maisonneuve Blvd. W., Montreal The Mohawk Warrior Society: Book Launch and Screenings on Indigenous Sovereignty and Survival
Join us for the launch of an unprecedented book, a public roundtable with members of the Kanien’keha:ka Rotiskenrakete of the Men’s Fire and Kanien’kehá:ka Kahnistensera, an activist group of Mohawk women from Kahnawake, and film screenings in celebration of Indigenous culture and resilience.
THE MOHAWK WARRIOR SOCIETY: A HANDBOOK ON SOVEREIGNTY AND SURVIVAL, is the centrepiece of our events. Containing new oral history by key figures of the Rotisken’rhakéhte revival in the 1970s, this compilation tells the story of the Warriors’ famous flag and other art, their armed occupation of Ganienkeh in 1974, and the role of their constitution, the Great Peace. This book launch is part of a two-day series of events and film screenings that foreground Kanien’kehá:ka activism, culture, and current issues within the broader rubric of Indigenous sovereignty.
See below for the full schedule:
October 18 11:00am – 4:00pm Round Table and Book Launch
October 19 1:00pm – 1:15pm
Welcome and Introduction 1:15pm – 2:00pm Film Screening: “Mohawk Nation” (1978) 2:00pm – 2:15pm
Short Break 2:15pm – 2:40pm Film Screening: “Rose” (2022) 2:45pm – 4:00pm
Open Discussion How can you participate? Join us in person or online by registering for the Zoom Meeting or watching live on YouTube.
MNN. Apr. 21, 2022. What’s the fuss over the Jay Treaty? It does not exist on great turtle island [the Western Hemisphere] for the sovereign indigenous people. International law exists as long as it serves the United States. So there is no international law. Article 2 of the Jay Treaty of Trade and Commerce 1794 acknowledges the that there are no borders for indigenous people because the supreme law of great turtle island is the kaianerekowa and indigenous laws that have been here since time immemorial. Canada commits a crime when they refuse to acknowledge the kaianerekowa and do not allow indigenous from anywhere in the Western Hemisphere to pass and repass the artificial borders placed anywhere on turtle island by the invaders.
The Jay Treaty is between US and Britain to settle the colonial wars between them. great turtle island is one land for all indigenous people.
The band council is an administrative arm of the invading Canadian/British army that enforces the foreign”Admiralty Law of the Sea”. The Indian Act provides that the band council as Canadians have no authority to represent us because they violate the teiohateh, two row. The tribal councils in the United States do not represent the indigenous people either for the same reason.
This ‘imaginary line’ to exploit the people is made out of thin air. It exists only by foreign legislation and is not natural. Birds, deer, indigenous people don’t need statutes to move about on their land. 500 years ago indigenous people were naturally free to travel ocean to ocean, pole to pole. We are stopped, penalized, imprisoned and forced to live on small POW camps called “reservations” overseen and enforced by the “weaponized peacekeepers.”
US VIOLENCE AT ILLEGAL BORDER AGAINST INDIGENOUS PEOPLE.
The kaianerekowa, great peace, and all original indigenous law is the law of great turtle island. In 1794 the Americans and British carved an illegal line through onowarekeh, turtle island, calling the north side Canada and the south side the United States and Mexico, but the same families ruled all sides of the pretend borders. Canada and United States will stop their criminality and totally remove the boundary and let all natives cross and recross freely. The South Americans cannot be stopped from moving north. The non-natives and their band and tribal councils have to live by the kaianerekowa or leave great turtle island.
When we go to the border, we can drive or walk through and tell the border guards to get out of our way. They have to open the gates for us as though they do not exist. Some remarks by indigenous when harassed at the border: “There is no Canada or United States!” Another was asked where he born. He said “Six Nations!” The immigration fella said, “You are Canadian”. His father corrected, “If a calf is born in a horse’s stall, does that make him a horse?”
Instead of lying, murdering and warfare the O’Jays sing that we should all get on the “Love Train”: “People all over the world everybody [all over the world] join hands with the love ride. Start a ‘love train’, ‘love ride’, ‘love train’. At the next stop that we make will be England. Tell the folks in Russia and China too” . . .
MNN. Aug. 30, 2021. Whenever polls suggest they can win, they call an election.
Canada just dissolved Parliament and called an election. Canada wants to operate for another four years so they can operate for another four years after that. 51% majority rules voting system is ‘corporatism”. It means they can control the 1% with money. All countries doing this are ‘corporatists’.
It makes no difference who wins the corporate 51% majority rules election.
The little orange shirts are ignored. They represent our murdered children found in unmarked graves at Indian residential schools. One orange shirt for each victim should be placed all over Parliament Hill during the election.
Those children are dead and cannot walk to or protest in Ottawa. Let’s see which party addresses the murdered orange shirted children and speaks for them in Ottawa.
The politicians work for the first private corporation, the Crown, and its shareholders. They don’t care about the horror they committed for 500 years. Every past and present prime minister is guilty of complicity in the cover up of genocide. They are for themselves only.
They want to control the economy and get away with genocide of indigenous people and children that they admit to killing.
Canada is an absolute corporate police state under “Admiralty Law of the Seas” with no constitutional remedy. The corporate charter limits their personal liability to spend our money.
The political elites and the money power behind them continue to try to turn our society into darkness by manufactured values to steal our land and resources and carry on the genocide.
Capitalism is collapsing. Thousands of businesses ruined. No economy. Masks on. Curfews. Borders closed. Unclosed. Taking away every little bit of human rights we have. Never giving it back. Like the income tax after World War I.
Politicians make promises they have no intention of keeping.
If nobody votes this time, the pretend government will no longer represent any people. The politicians will represent only themselves and the banks they work for. They’ll never be paid by the people. Parliament will continue to be dissolved. Ask yourself how life would be without Parliament existing.
The answer to a system of justice and truth is the kaianerekowa, the great peace.The whole charade of corporate Canada would be finished. Parliament would go out of business. There could be no more four years of resource extraction. The bankers all work for the Crown. The costly election is meant to make sure their power is intact. Politicians go to barbecues, cut ribbons, make high salaries, get money under the table and then a huge pension.
The Canadian government does not need a Governor General and a Privy Council. Only the bankers need an election every four years to collect the tax from Canadians and send it to the City of London bank and to continue the resource extraction.
We are supposed to be genocided by 2024 so Canada can become an unchallenged bonafide country. But we are not extinct. Like the certainty of death and taxes, they can never become a legal country. They were a dominion and then a colony. Now a private corporation. They say they became a real country in 1968 when they got a flag and a song! But they don’t have a land base, language or culture. All their unborn inherit their wrongdoings. People are beaten down to not question this inane narrative. turtle island and the original people have been here since time immemorial. The corporate fiction of Canada was created 154 years ago!!
No Vote is the quickest way to dissolve Canada. The politicians swear to the Crown to keep secrets, the murdered native children being the biggest secret.
People are beaten down to not question this illusory election process.
As for the murdered native children, there is no statute of limitations on murder. The people knew what was going on in those Indian Residential School death camps. They walked by and said nothing, which makes them part of it. The politicians and bureaucrats that oversaw them are directly guilty of murder.
People have to do something about these murders. But the bankers that run all the political parties have told them to “shut up”. Last time Trudeau said no more pipelines, immediately after he’s elected he allows the building of illegal pipelines. Dollar signs determine every word the politicians say. Their strings are being pulled by the Vatican, City of London and Washington.
When there is no prime minister or Members of Parliament, the permanent bureaucracy runs the country. Not the politicians.
The campaign creates divisions and confusion to get a majority to run over everybody without opposition. All candidates play their part and bicker and call each other down.
The election is facism, corporatism, tyranny and dictatorship in the name of so called democracy, which is nothing but theatre. It means white people will continue to run the show as the majority in the unsovereign majority rules system. That is why they murdered us and brought in the settler colonists so they could say the majority support them. They tried to eliminate us and told everybody this was empty land.
After the election the settlers will go back into their prisons, put on their mask, get their vaccine passport, go to work and keep shopping. Politicians get ready for the next election, the banquet circuit, fund raising dinners, posting signs, taking pictures with babies and holding cheques. The politicians say everything is wrong and only they can fix it if you elect them for another 4 years to say the same thing again.
Political parties are created by corporate donations. Therefore they all work for the same banker. This gives them absolute power to run everything. All our land is erroneously called ‘Crown” land! They think they own everything and everyone. Everybody is living the lie.
The Platters suggest that when we don’t do what we’re told, we are going to be grieving all alone:, “Oh, yes, I’m the great pretender. Pretending that I’m doing well. The need is such. I pretend too much. I’m lonely, but no one can tell. Oh, yes, I’m the great pretender. Adrift in a world of my own. I played the game, but to my real shame, you left me to grieve all alone”.
Canada. This is your legacy. Churches in native communities are burning. “Almost everything we call ‘higher culture’ is based on the spiritualization of cruelty, on it’s becoming more profound”, said Nietzsche.
The film is based on information from those still alive about their horror. The children were made to harm each other. Guilt of the children on top of the horror they lived. The church hierarchy, politicians, priests, nuns and staff threatened that the devil will kill them if they did not allow the rape or told anyone about the torture. Three boys ran away, were caught, brought back and beaten to death to scare the other children. We survivors have to free our children.
Sir John A. MacDonald, the father of Canada, practiced the white man’s sadistic culture. Wrecking the will of others imparts a perverted, sadistic pleasure”. Neitzsche. To see others suffer does one good, to make others suffer even more [good]. This is Canadien culture.
They were sent into the native residential schools which were established in 1890 to exterminate the entire native population of Canada.
The Gradual Civilization Act of 1857 was called ‘Murder’, passed slowly and methodically by the corporate lawmakers to exterminate the native population.
The Act gave legal rights to the United Church of Canada, Anglican Church, Roman Catholic Church and other churches]to go onto the reservations and remove the children by force [even death] from the parents. The North West Mounted Police assisted them, which became the Royal Canadian Mounted Police RCMP.
There are reports in abuse documents of torture, murder and rape which the government refuses to release to the victims for their class action suits. Then they released heavily redacted reports. Murders by beatings, lethal injections; nuns threw little children from the third floor and sold the bodies for $10 to experimental laboratories at Canadian universities; TB sanitariums were established across Canada and the meds laced with TB was given to the native children so they could watch them die.
… the school officials who made them sick kept them out of sight and under control so that they could kill them under the guise of taking care of them. The death rate from 1890 to 1984 ranged from 35% to 70%. The actual numbers of murders are estimated to be around 250,000 children [now re-estimated to be millions]. The rape and eventual babies born to the raped young native girls were never recorded. These uniform events happened at the residential schools right across Canada.
We want all the documents and reports that are mentioned in the film, especially the 7 year investigation by the OPP. Who created those millions of unmarked graves which have to be thoroughly examined by us? The corporation of Canada, the current prime minister and members of parliament, attorneys, judiciary, legislators, band and tribal councils and anyone benefitting from these murders are responsible and must be held accountable, like the Nuremburg trials.
Trudeau on behalf of the government said he didn’t know about this, even though they did it! Why were they withholding these documents and then heavily redacting them?
Obstruction of justice is a major crime, especially for people in authority and trust, such as government officials who hide information on their crimes from the victims, court and people they serve. Lawmakers are accountable to no one but themselves, supported by a judiciary that they appoint and pay. The perfect crime. Trudeau says, “We, the perpetrators will lead the investigation and way to reconciliation”.
Our children were killed to stop us from procreating ourselves; Hitler learned genocide from the extensive experiments and research done on onkwehonweh in Canada and US.
The genociders taught our children to commit suicide. Band councils take the money, and do what they are told.
To date 45 churches burnt down since the discovery of 215 unmarked graves in Kamloops BC. In fact the indigenous people own and upkeep those churches.
We speak for the murdered. Everything that caused the holocaust must be eliminated. Canada, Vatican, Crown, United States, United Nations, all christian churches. Mary Simons being appointed Governor General and Roseann Archibald as AFN President is to give the false impression that over 99% favor reconciliation with the murderers. In fact these Canadian Indians speak only for less than 1%. If that.
Criminals are desperate to avoid being caught and punished, especially for capital crimes. The death sentence is the natural penalty for Canada’s guilty plea to committing genocide and murders of millions. kaianerekowa is based only on truth and peace and will uncover everything.
The murderers came here with a plan to kill us until none remained. They trained us to be obedient, showing us how to try to kill each other, constantly screaming inhumane threats of satan, devil and hell if there was no compliance or threats of tortured death. The managers and staff had horrific blood lust. Children were told to lay down their lives for them. No one heard their cries. Those children could have been here today with us and have influenced our families. Just think of how many were lost and never were.
These children deserved to live. How much money did the churches get to carry out this carnage? We must find our children so we can lay them to rest.
Keith Secola reminds us that we were known by numbers and English names: “They plucked us from our homes and carried us back to nests they called schools.’Say Your Name’. Show your faith. Leave no trace…”
MNN. JUNE 15, 2021. RE: No one is surprised! The convicted murderers who plead guilty want to find the victims they killed for the cover up. The criminals, CANADA and UNITED STATES, have no defence. They must dissolve and leave turtle island immediately, so there will be no more genocide. The original murderous corporations still exist today. They no longer have any authority.
GUILTY! THE POPE.
The Indian Trust Funds they are offering the traitorous band and tribal councils to shut up the true natural people is ours. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was a coverup and a fraud because these unmarked mass graves of kidnapped children was known at the highest levels of government. It was ignored in the class action suit. There was blood shed which stirred up the primal instinct of humanity against us without consequence and it was done so easily. We are in more danger because the lust for our blood is being stirred up.
The so-called UNITED NATIONS has known of the mass murders of indigenous people worldwide and of the biggest holocaust in all humanity of over 150 million Indigenous people throughout turtle island [Western Hemisphere]. The UN refuses to condemn and dissolve CANADA and UNITED STATES corporations from the UN. We indigenous own the earth to be caretakers and for the protection of our unborn. The 1973 illegal “War Powers Act” gives the US the “legal” right to create war with anyone they deem an enemy. Scientists were sent out to take blood samples of every Indigenous group everywhere. Someone wanted our DNA. As Leonora Zalabata of the Aarahuaco People of Northern Columbia explains: “Our land, our culture, our subsoil, our ideology and our traditions have all been exploited… this time they are using us as raw material”. We cannot let the corporate ‘grave robbers’ dig our graves for our DNA. https://mohawknationnews.com/blog/tag/gene-hunters/
GUILTY! UN Secretary General, ANTONIO GUTERRES.
TO: THE UNITED NATIONS, THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE, THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT OF JUSTICE, THE PERMANENT FORUM ON INDIGENOUS ISSUES, CANADA, AND UNITED STATES
1.CANADA [a colony of turtle island/North America] according to kaianerekowa never legally existed and never had jurisdication anywhere on turtle island. Since the European invasion there has been a plan to kill our people and take children away from us for experiments and depopulation. Remove the children, remove the blood.
2.The invaders could have continued their visit here if the settlers had followed the principles in kaianerekowa great peace and two row teiotaheh. We assisted their survival by giving protection and permission to plow the depth of a plowshare and nothing more. Instead the Crown, churches, military, corporate institutions and governments committed genocide and murder to steal all our land and resources. We are needed to give the aura of giving to the world and true democracy based on nature and equality in which the people are in charge, not the rulers.
GUILTY! “CANA’JON” P.M. TRUDEAU.
3.Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, the leader of the corporation of the Government of CANADA, plead guilty to the genocide. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_nl9CUd75E. The only remedy is dissolution of all corporations for genocide and murder. They have all forfeited their already illegal existence on turtle island.
4.CANADA and UNITED STATES make existence of nature and natural people impossible as we are in their way. The UN as peacekeepers never intervened to stop the genocide. We sovereign onkwehonweh act without agents as we are from the natural world and the rightful custodians of the earth. We have a natural protection mandated by the great peace for all people of turtle island and the world. If we are removed as source of goodness the world will go into deep darkness.
5.States are corporations that exist through unnatural man-made rules. We all try to block all evil against our people and we are called “terrorists”. We do ceremonies to ward off evil that were given to us by creation. The invader’s agents enforce their corporate rules of genocide. CANADA and the UNITED STATES know our sovereign land cannot be ceded by humanity. turtle island is a zone of protection and we have tried to keep it safe from unnatural people [ia te ne ro non kwe ti ken]. The corporations are in collusion with all institutions that do not fit into our world. We are born sovereign. Our government is based on pure democracy coming from nature that comes from inside each of us. The invaders survive by writing it on paper. Whereas it is born in us.
6.The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous PeopleUNDRIP is unacceptable regardless of whether CANADA and the UNITED STATES sign the paper. Their only claims is by false documents. They lost their voice by committing genocide and murder. Creation deems that our great peace rules.
GUILTY! US Prez. Biden.
7.The UN, CANADA and UNITED STATES, are corporate squatters. They cannot speak for us anywhere. Only each of us can represent ourselves. These corporations must dissolvebecause of their role in allowing the atrocities and assisting other corporate states to continue their crimes against. us.
8.Article 40 of UNDRIP confirms that kaianerekowa and teiohate have jurisdiction over our issues with states or other parties, and remedies for all infringement of our individual and collective rights. Solutions must reflect our customs, traditions, rules and sovereign systems and international human rights. No one can give us rights we already have since time immemorial under the great peace and two row. The Crown illegally set up the UN as a corporation on our land which we never surrendered.
9.Our land belongs to our unborn, rotikonsotatie. The world knows about the ongoing horrors of indigenous people on all of turtle island, the Western Hemisphere. Unmarked mass graves of our people, children and babies are being found outside the Residential School death camps at Kamloops, Brandon, Regina, Carlyle, Mohawk Institute and many more] The Nazis studied these genocide methodsand applied them in World War II.[see Wasichu]. South Africa also studiedCANADA’s genocide methods for their apartheid program. The invaders carried out the biggest holocaust in all humanity which continues.
10.CANADA’s genocide programs contravenethe principles of UNDRIP, the kaianerekowa and two row. Article 7, para. 2: they confirm that we have the collective right to live freely as distinct peoples and not be subjected to genocide or violence, including forcibly removing our children to another group [residential schools, forced adoption, foster care and murder]. We had all these rights prior to the invasion. The invaders continually try to destroy the protection of the great peace.
11.Article 8, para. 1: We cannot be forced to assimilate or deprived of our culture. Article 8, Sec. 2[a], The corporate states must provide prevention of, and redress for [a] any action which deprives us of our integrity as distinct peoples, cultural values or ethnic identity such as the Indian Act, residential schools and other extinction measures. The order for total extermination has never been recinded. Prime Minister Trudeau recently admitted guilt for the crime of genocide without fear of any penalty.
GUILTY! P.M. BORIS JOHNSON, U.K.
12.Article 8, 2[b], protects us from any action which dispossesses us of their land, territory or resources, such as the reserve apartheid system, 60s scoop, Indian day schools, residential schools. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission minimized the murders as “cultural genocide”!
13.CANADA and the UNITED STATES fear signing UNDRIP because it would undo their murderous corporations. The UN, CANADA and UNITED STATES have to accept the great peace or leave.
14.CANADA victimizes us. The “reserves” are P.O.W. concentrations camps so the settler colonists could take control of turtle island and implement their programs to end our lives. Our duties to our mother then cannot be carried out.
15.The great peace provides, live by our law, or leave with nothing. For 500 years we still live under constant threat to our freedom and lives. Controls are put on our voices, children, jobs, homes, economy, communities run by government death camp guards called band/tribal councils.
16.The Indian act specifies the reserve as a ‘tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in her Majesty, that has been set apart by her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band’. The Queen as the CROWN has no title to turtle island. She’s the the main shareholder of the CROWN, the first corporation created by the Roman Catholic/Vatican Empire. Both CANADA and the UNITED STATES aresettler-colonies of the Crown.
17.Article 41: The UN system is supposed to providefinancial cooperation and technical assistance”, which you give to your agents to undermine us. We original inhabitants are not supposed to have survived the holocaust. We have always had means to resolve issues affecting us as the owners of the earth which don’t conform to corporate goals of domination. To the UN dictatorship we have no voice unless you give it to us. The great peace gives each of us a voice. That is why the UN is meaningless.
18.The one percenters are getting the churches and governments to dig up our bones to get our DNA from all over the world, to eliminate us so as to exploit our resources. Our bones are a cache of DNA being stored in the Smithsonian Institute in Washington DC and elsewhere. We have to trace our ancestry according to their criteria to prove who we are.
GUILTY! RICK BOTT, UNITED CHURCH
19.We are very concerned about the digging up of our bones for determining DNA by mad Dr. Frankensteins that could again lead to diabolical scientific experiments. These excavations must be completely in our control. We don’t invite the crazy murderers to assist us in finding and identifying their victims which they could continue to cover up. In their quest to coverup the genocide, they may find that not one of these children is indigenous!
20.In 1924 when the Indian Act was implemented ‘for our benefit’ why were residential schools allowed to exist until 1996? To protect us the jurisdiction of the great peace shall be respected.
21.The corporations and their benefactors and slaves will dissolve themselves for their criminality. None speak for us. The Indian Act and Indian Lands Acts of 1924 are void and unlawful. These acts were imposed on those they call “heathens”or “non-persons” whom they intended to annihilate.All indigenous people own the earth, contradicting the Papal Bulls.
GUILTY! LINDA NICHOLLS, ANGLICAN CHURCH
22.The UN assists in our continued victimization by their corporate members. You pay traitorous agents to speak for us who are not our true people. They wear headdresses and feathers, pose for pictures and told what to say.
23.We cannot stand before the enemy and get justice. We hereby condemn the UN for helping corporate states worldwide to continue their genocide programs and must leave turtle island. The UN is well aware of the injustices since 1492. The UN has no plans to do anything meaningful for us. One of the largest populations in the world has no seat or proper voice in the UN. After 14 years of UNDRIP no action!
24.Only the kaianerekowa, great peace can provide justice.
25.We the sovereign natural people of the land forever make this Notice to the UNITED NATIONS, CANADA and UNITED STATES guided by the truth revealed in the great peace.
26.We are created as one with all natural life. The UN does not support us in being naturally sovereign.
27.The man-made corporate genocide machine does not give us nature. Self-determination for all life comes from nature. Only our culture can protect us from the corporations. CANADA and the UNITED STATES will dissolve themselves for violating the kaianerekowa.
28.Creation instilled in our memory our special existence as caretakers of the earth. kaianerekowa, the great peace, is the inherent tewatatewennio sovereignty on how we are to carry ourselves and exist. The natural world creates the path by which we are to live. Our songs, ceremonies, stories and creation tie us to natural life and forces of our mother earth.
29.The foreign occupiers need to leave so we can heal our homeland.
GUILTY! CORPORATE SHOWMEN.
30.“Justice” purports to be the cornerstone of the foundation of the Charter of the United Nations in protecting human rights for everyone worldwide. We sovereign onkwehonweh suffer “injustice” in the Canadian and United States court systems. We ask the United Nations to move on out of our sight for doing nothing about this. The UN is classified as a criminal organization under the great peace. Creation provides our energy and the great peace provides our direction.
31.In the World Court substance controls procedure. We the natural people are the substance and have the winning hand, nature, which always beats the house of procedure. The only way to deactivate our winning hand is to not let us play it in your man-made control system.
Pursuant to the great peace and two row wampum this application is endorsed by the sign of each sovereign kanienkehaka and will be served on the following:
The United Nations, 760 United Nations Plaza, New York 10017 email@example.com.
The Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau, House of Commons, Ottawa Casnada K1A 0H4 firstname.lastname@example.org
President Joe Biden, United States, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006
ON BEHALF OT THE CHILDREN OF THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE, OUR ANCESTORS AND DESCENDANTS OF ALL INDIGENOUS PEOPLE THROUGHOUT THE WORLD, WE DEMAND IMMEDIATE ACTION. karakwine, rot’nahton; kahentinetha, roti’skare:wake; kawenaa, roti’skare:wake.
We all want equality, a voice and freedom. Jimi Hendrix sings about “freedom”. “Right on, straight ahead/Stay up and straight ahead/Freedom/So I can live it/Freedom/So I can turn around and give it/Freedom/So I can live it”.
The kaianerekowa has jurisdiction over this matter and requires death or banishment from turtle island for murder and genocide. Prime Minister Trudeau has conceded the corporation of the Government of Canada is guilty of this genocide [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_nl9CUd75E]. The corporation must be dissolved pursuant to the kaianerekowa. Canada will cease to exist and all parts of the corporation will thereby vanish immediately. Canada is a corporation registered with the Vatican.
Otherwise the corporate governments evil will continue. They attempted mass murder to eliminate our culture and steal our land and resources. Canada and the United States have to disappear so that we shall fully regain our culture according to the kaianerekowa great peace and teiohateh two row. These British subjects in so-called Canada and the United States have no lawful jurisdiction anywhere on turtle island. Their colonial system was designed to eliminate the original inhabitants. turtle island is the jurisdiction of all the true natural sovereigns and all life placed here by creation.
TO: THE CROWN, Royal Communications Office, Buckingham Palace, London, SW1A 1AA; THE VATICAN, His Holiness Pope Francis, Vatican City State, 00120; THE CORPORATIONS OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF CANADA Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, House of Commons Ottawa, K1A 0H4, THE UNITED STATES President Joe Biden, 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington DC 20006; & THE UNITED NATIONS, 760 United Nations Plaza, New York 10017 email@example.com:
PREAMBLE: Naziism was born and created in Canada. Hitler saw the horror, admired the British approach to genocide and recreated it in World War II. Indigenous children were forcibly removed by the military at gunpoint to residential schools and experimental hospitals. The RClMP were created to kill us. The children were fed pills, given shots that made them sick. If they fussed, or fought back, they were given shots that killed them outright. In particular, German Naziism, South African Apartheid and Israeli terrorism against the Palestinians was developed in Canadian and American run churches and universities and experimented in the residential school “death camps”. Adolph Hitler extended his gratitude for the training the Nazis received in Canada on racial elimination. [Mein Kampf, Wasichu, von Ribbentropf studied genocide in Canada].
KKK KANATA TRAINED OUR TRAITORS, NAZIS, SOUTH AFRICANS AND ISRAEL TO KILL US OFF.
WHEREAS This system taught to the Nazis, South Africans and others took away our native names, replaced them with British names and numbers, beat and tortured us to forget our culture and languages and sexually defiled us culminating in the mass murders. Half our children disappeared and were secretly buried, burned in the school furnaces or cemented into the walls.
WHEREAS Today McGill University has 6 War Labs to carry out research for weapons of mass destruction for manufacturers of drone warfare, missile guidance, domestic surveillance, explosives and air combat. Helping out the genociders. [http://demilitarizedmcgill.com]. McGill is in violation of the great peace.
WHEREAS tewatatewennio: creation made us each indigenous person individually sovereign with the responsibility to live by the kaianerekowa and teiohateh. Our duty is to care for our mother earth and all life on turtle island, the Western Hemisphere. Our power is in our minds, we have the source energy of all creation which makes each of us creator beings and sovereigns. This is our power.
WHEREAS we will stop the holocaust machine that began in 1492 operated by the invaders who are destroying all life on our mother. You have no valid receipt for turtle island as none exists because our mother cannot be sold, conveyed or transferred as she belongs to our unborn babies.
WHEREAS you secretly buried the remains of 215 children and babies behind the Kamloops Residential ‘Death Camp’ as in every other residential school in Canada as part of the kidnapping and murder of our families to eliminate all witnesses;
WHEREAS Canadiens [Mohawk word for squatters] and Americans cannot be rehabilitated. Mass murder is irreparable. The perpetrators are giving us meaningless words, trying to bribe us and to take no action. Many thousands of of our children are yet to be found. That’s why you want to take over the investigation.
WHEREAS The criminals wish to be the investigators of their own crimes. The corporations of the governments of Canada and United States carried out premeditated murder to benefit from the genocide. The guilty now want to ‘hunt’ for our bones and dig our graves to continue the coverup. Prime Minister Trudeau admitted guilt in the recent settlement of the residential school class action by throwing useless apologies and money at us. They deserve a proper and reasonable punishment for the genocide they created. The only remedy is to remove the corporation of Canada from society through its dissolution.
WHEREAS Trudeau and Biden are guilty of the coverup of genocide violating UN the Declaration on the Crime and Punishment of Genocide. Trudeau told the Vatican to apologize as though he is not at fault! The corporate colonial government hired the agents that kidnapped the children at gunpoint, took them to the death camps to be tortured and murdered. The murderer is the corporation of the Government of Canada and must be sentenced accordingly.
AS THE KAIANEREKOWA AND TEIOHATEH HAVE BEEN VIOLATED:
THEREFORE as you hid your part in the biggest holocaust in all humanity of 150 million indigenous people, be it resolved that you cannot remain on turtle island. Your private corporations of Canada and the United States must be immediately dissolved. kaianerekowa requires the penalty of instant death [tehontisokwariton] or to leave forever.
THEREFORE we shall do all necessary actions in the world community to dissolve the illegal corporations including THE CROWN, USA, CANADA and the VATICAN. Prime Minister Trudeau and President Biden are the presidents of the corporations that carried out and benefitted from the genocide. The Prime Minister’s oath is to the Crown of England, which is responsible for the genocide, to the Queen’s heirs and ancestors forever; you pledged to them that you shall reveal no secrets. Therefore you are the head of the corporation that committed the crime. The corporation of Canada must be tried and punished for its responsibility in carrying out, covering up and benefitting from genocide. You and your citizens cannot separate yourselves from the brutal actions of your death squads that carried out the government edict. The corporation has forfeited its right to be on turtle island.
THEREFORE according to the great peace to maintain peace on turtle island kaianerekowa provides that the kahtihn’tiokwennio/women shall order the warchief and his men to enforce the great peace. They are furnished with a string of black wampum which is dropped before the perpetrators. If the perpetrators do not grab it before it hits the ground, the warriors carry out the sentence.
THEREFORE as our teacher dekanawida warned us that the white serpent will befriend us and after seven generations will have us squeezed so tight against his chest that we can hardly breathe. The penalty is they forfeited their right to be on turtle island.
THEREFORE Government agents Minister of Justice Lametti and Minister of Indian Affairs Miller will not investigate the crimes of their corporations. The government and churches set up the Death Camps and cannot be the investigators to investigate their own crimes. It’s a conflict of interest.
kaianerekowa and teiohateh can be the only culture on turtle island which is what Britain agreed to in August 1701 that allowed them to come onto onowarekeh. They violated the agreement and cannot stay.
THEREFORE if the US and Canada dissolve their corporations all their property, titles and power will vanish. Only the kaianerekowa and teiohateh will remain.
The citizenry of Canada is finally looking at the evidence and discovering the truth for themselves. A portion want to be part of the solution.
KAIANEREKOWA HEREBY DEMANDS:
THAT since the premeditated crime was designed: The remedy to stop genocide is by dissolving Canada, the United States and the United Nations and remove them from onowarekeh. Only a neutral third party can investigate. They will be tried by the kaianerekowa, the law of the land.
THAT the residential schools are crime scenes which cannot end until there are thorough investigations inside and out to our satisfaction. Since you Mr. Trudeau admit the crimes of murder and genocide, no trial is necessary and you thereby concede that Canada must immediately dissolve. We wish to find all our murdered sovereign people to deal with them in our own way.
THAT if the criminal system is not dissolved, it will continue the genocide, including all coverups of the crime of the Crown. Provide us with a list of the shareholders of the world’s first corporation, the Crown? The genocide keeps marching on – child care snatches of our children and forced sterilization of natives. Genocide is obvious every day, such as high rate of incarceration, nurses killing native patients [Joyce Eschaquan], abductions, child trafficking, missing and murdered women. Maintaining the constant secrecy from the public of this horror that is Canada terrifies us. Trudeau and Biden are in the headlights. Trudeau wants the Pope to apologize. To us ‘sorry’ does not exist in our culture. The remedy to genocide is death or expulsion.
THAT Canadien and US are operating a system of injustice, racism and hatred. The Indian Lands Acts of 1924 forcibly removed us from our homes and put us in prisoners of war camps called “reservations”. They created the Indian Affairs department of the army to watch the indigenous captives. Indigenous under the ‘Indian Act’ were to be exterminated or assimilated by 2024. Indian Affairs Superintendant Duncan Campbell Scott drafted the blueprint for the “final solution of the Indian problem” [which Hitler copied], commencing with the Residential School Death Camp system and other programs like the 60s Scoop, Indian Day Schools, and other genocidal schemes.
THAT all symbols of this genocide should be destroyed immediately; and all schools should be reclassified as death camps:
THE WOMEN PURSUANT TO THE KAIANEREKOWA AND TEIOHAEH As HEREBY DECLARE:
THAT CANADA and UNITED STATES be dissolved immediately for the crimes of murder and genocide.
As Jesus Christ said: “Anyone harm a hair on one little child will wish they had never been born”.
ON BEHALF OF THE THE CHILDREN OF THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE, OUR ANCESTORS AND DESCENDANTS OF ALL INDIGENOUS PEOPLE THROUGHOUT THE WORLD, WE DEMAND IMMEDIATE ACTION.
karakwine, roti’nahton clan
A Cage the Elephant explains, “Ain’t no rest for the wicked and money don’t grow on trees. I got bills to pay, mouths to feed, and nothing in the world in free. Can’t hold on. Can’t look back. You know I would if i could. Ain’t no rest for the wicked until they close their eyes for good.”
LAST QUEEN, LAST POPE was first posted on Feb. 28, 2014. The knock out blow to “dump the queen” gained momentum when Prince Harry and Meghan thrashed the monarchy, its racism, no concern for the people, genocide and general nastiness.
Harry & Meghan. spilling the beans.
The Queen is the main mask of the Crown as head of the Company/corporation called “Canada’, a Mohawk word for “squatters”. She is the major shareholder of the Crown based in the VatIcan which has false claims to own our mother, the earth. All mainstream media of the “Five Eyes” is through the Queen’s intelligence service MI5, “operation mockingbird”. We saw classy Meghan professionally take down the British aristocratic amateurs of “the firm”. Meghan gave the Nazi House of Windsor a good beating. Like the French Revolution the only way to be free is “off with their heads”.
PLEASE POST & DISTRIBUTE.
MNN. Feb. 28, 2014. Soon the British monarch, her family, and her minions, as per the Magna Carta, will be removed by the people of England. When that happens, all her corporate assets – Canada, US, Australia and New Zealand – will revert to the true natural owners placed by creation. The “Crown” based in the Vatican and all their banking tentacles throughout the world will fall. The Pope is the Emperor of Rome. Everyone who takes an oath to a criminal is a criminal. They will be dealt with.
Queen: “No. We won’t trade jobs. Mine is to kill & pillage. Yours is to pacify & salt away the money!”
The Kaianerekowa will then be applied on Great Turtle Island. The Onkwehonwe will deal with the “masters of war” using our law and new technology, to make them clean up their mess. These criminals will answer to the people for each one of the over 100 million Indigenous they murdered here.
The oligarchy teaches that whoever has the most money makes the rules. The revolution has begun in each person’s mind. We are each sovereign in our own mind. Anyone can tell us what they think, not what to think. The spiritual frequency changes that will occur on our Mother Earth will cause everyone to remember everything from every past life. We’re not sure who said this:
The waters of truth will clean everything. The oligarchy will be washed away. Once the earth begins her cleansing, there will be no more lies, murder or destruction.
We Onkwehonwe were to teach them to love and take care of each other and every living thing attached to the earth in our communities. The weapons of war will be buried under the Tree of Peace for all time.
The Black Wampum will be applied to all the criminals.
The black wampum hits the floor. Then the warrior smashes the criminal’s head, tehonwatisokwariton, to smash out evil from the brain where it starts. The reason that the head is emptied to the ground is because that is where the evil exists and will be purified by the earth.
They will have one last chance to become of one mind with us. When the War Chief drops the black wampum they can grab it before it hits the floor. If they do not grasp it, the men will bash in their heads with war clubs. Their brains will be on the floor next to the black wampum. This will happen in all Great Turtle Island communities. Genocide has always been their plan for us. The DNA memory of those who did the genocide will be erased from mankind. They and their weapons will be buried, never to be seen again.
Elizabeth and Francis will be the last Monarch and the last Pope. Good riddance!
As Johnny Cash foretold, the oligarchs will be cast into a burning ring of fire, and they will go down, down, down, and the flames will shoot higher. And it burns, burns, burns, the ring of fire! Johnny Cash. “Ring of Fire”.
CANADA DECLARES “WAR” ON MOHAWKS. Mohawks and indigenous in general are constantly under seige by Canada, as this review will reveal. This report is based on extensive Freedom of Information accounts obtained by the media containing a great deal of sacrifice of truth in this military campaign against the Mohawk communities of kanehsatake, kahnawake and akwesasne in 1994 to 2002.
Original report posted on
Please post & distribute.
AUDIO NO. I – INTRODUCTION
MNN. Feb. 24, 2021. This is a review of the planned joint military operations against kanienkehaka Mohawks from 1994 to 2002 by our enemies, the colony of Canada.
WHEN YOU RECOGNIZE WHAT IS BEAUTIFUL IN THIS WORLD, YOU STOP BEING A SLAVE.
turtle island is made up of fiercely independent autonomous sovereign peoples who must protect the land and all natural live. The report is in ten sections as follows:
AUDIO NO 1: INTRODUCTION
AUDIO II. NO. 12: GOVERNMENT LIES
AUDIO III. NO 18: CSIS INVOLVED
AUDIO IV. NO. 23: A POWDER KEG
AUDIO V. NO 26: THE KANEHSATAKE STORY
AUDIO VI. NO. 28: THE SOVEREIGN MOHAWK NATION
AUDIO VII. NO. 29: REPORT FROM KANEHSATAKE 2004
AUDIO VIII. NO 30: THE GIG IS UP; AND AUDIO NO. IX [COMBINED] NO. 31: MOHAWK LEADERS FUMING
AUDIO X. NO. 32: MOHAWK WARRIOR TRADITION
MNN. Feb. 12, 2014. This is a detailed report on the readiness of the colony of Canada and its military to attack the “Keepers of the Eastern Door”. We, the sovereign Kanion’ke:haka [Mohawk] were asked to give the Kaia’nere:kowa, the Great Peace, to the world. Canada is bound by international law to protect us. Dekanawida said, “Part of the tail of the white serpent would break off and crawl to the hilly country to heal with the onkwe’hon:we. The rest would make a feeble attempt to swim toward the light.” Let us stand together as brothers and sisters in each community and plant the Tree of Peace.
All statutes in the corporate by-laws book can never be removed. They can be activated anytime the corporation pleases. [at the end]
“ PREPARING FOR INVASION: A GUIDE TO THE CURRENT THREATS AGAINST THE MOHAWK NATION.
Our men always ready on cold January 2006 day.
This collection of articles posted on Ontario Coalition on Poverty OCAP gives some background information to the continuing military and police threats against Mohawk communities of Tyendinaga, Kahnawake, Kanehsatake, Six Nations and Akwasasne and place them in historical context. Here is what you’ll find here:
Contents: Page # 2-4, 5-6, 7-8, 9-14, 15-16
Section 1: Current Plans for Invasion.
1. Press Advisory of March, 2006 by Tyendinaga residents giving an overview of the current situation.
2. The “Toronto Star” article of March 6, 2006, “Mohawks fear action on trade in tobacco”.
3. The “Mohawk Nation Drummer” article of May 2005 about raids in Ohsweken, Six Nations of the Grand River Territory. This is background on the cigarette trade in Mohawk communities, what it represents, and why it must be defended.
Section 2: Invasion Plans from 1994.
4. Article from “Eastern Door” about Canada’s plan to invade Mohawk communities in 1994 based on Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) documents requested by Marco Fortier. This outlines the Canadian government’s real intentions to invade the Mohawks with military force supposedly to stop the cigarette trade. This is his original article.
Sections 5-7 are about the conflicts in Kanehsatake that began in 2004 and continue. The conflict was portrayed first as an operation against criminals, then as an internal community affair, and finally, 2 years later the Quebec Public Security Minister, who was in charge at the time, deemed it was illegal. This unlawful pattern was constantly repeated.
6. Public letter by Jake Brant from Tyendinaga as the conflict begins.
7. Article from “Wii’nimkiikaa” about what happened in Kanehsatake and why.
8. Montreal Gazette articles reporting on the comments of Jacques Chagnon, Quebec Public Security Minister, calling the invasion illegal.
Section 4: More Background
9. The Mohawk Warrior Tradition also from “Wii’nimkiikaa”.
17-18 19-28 29-31 32-35
Page 1. Advisory:
Some of our Mohawk communities of vast Rotino’shonni:onwe Territory.
Tyendinaga, Mohawk Territory:
Mohawks Told to Brace for RCMP/Military Invasion in Spring.
Recently, Tyendinaga community members have been told on two separate occasions, by two different sources, that an invasion into the community, led by the RCMP and backed by the Canadian Military, is planned for Saturday April 1st, 2006.
Read on for to understand the context in which this invasion is likely to occur.
10. Recent Military Training ExercisesWednesday, February 8, 2006, 8:30 PM – 2 army helicopters conduct flights, flying less than 100 feet and spotlight people’s homes and businesses. One chopper lands on the centre runway of the Tyendinaga Airport. When questioned by community members as to the purpose of the presence of military personnel, wearing full uniform, helmet and night vision goggles, who say they are conducting routine training. They do not answer questions on who authorized them to engage in ‘training’ on the Territory. Instead, they return to the helicopter and fly away, conducting no further manoeuvres over the Mohawk commmunity.
Thursday, February 9, 2006 – Similar night flights occur in Kahnawake, Akwesasne and Kanehsatake. Wednesday, February 15, 2006, 9:30 PM – 2 Army helicopters conduct low-level flights, spotlighting homes and businesses in Tyendinaga.
Summer 2005– Canadian and U.S. Special Operations Soldiers are discovered where the CN Rail Lines cross into the Reserve. Once confronted, they leave without further incident.
Summer 2005-Canadian Military personnel are discovered on a stretch of road near the northern boundary of the reserve. When confronted, dozens of soldiers emerge from the trees on both sides of the road and leave.
These and numerous other incursions that occurred over the past months and years cause the community grave concern and prompted Tyendinaga’s Band Council to write to the Military as recently as February 9, 2006.
Since 1994, the Federal Government has been quietly organizing a new strategy to deal with stopping tobacco sales within all Mohawk communities. The alleged crime is the manufacturing and sale of Native-made Cigarettes. A deal signed in November 2003 between Kanehsatake and the Solicitor General was reportedly aimed at targeting the Indians’ claims to the [Page 2] inherent right of inter-tribal trade with sister Mohawk communities and the native run tobacco manufacturing industry as a whole.
We are united in saving our mother!
The Federal Government reaps billions in revenue from the taxes on tobacco. However, massive military and police operations are deemed to be warranted against the very people it has forced to drink dirty water and live in sub-standard housing, at the very time when we have begun to develop self-reliant economic strategies to improve our quality of life.
Tyendinaga has brought to the forefront the tobacco trade as a viable economic resource for the community. We talk about the native trade and refuse to be criminalized for engaging in simple, straightforward business practices. END OF AUDIO 1…
AUDIO II. NO. 12: GOVERNMENT LIES
AUDIO II. NO. 12: GOVERNMENT LIES
12. Government Lies
Ongoing Tyendinaga, Government propaganda constantly portrays us as dangerous and criminal.
In September 1995, Government propaganda specifically stated, “There is no native burial ground in Ipperwash Provincial Park. These people are not supported by the government band council.” A few days later, three Anishnawbe were shot, one fatally, and people who tried to help were beaten. The worst was reserved for a band council member. Then Minister of Indian Affairs, Ron Irwin, was forced to admit that there was in fact a burial ground in the park. Proof was presented and Dudley George lay dead.
In 2002, Ottawa Citizen journalist David Pugliese published a book entitled “Canada’ s Secret Commandos, Joint Task Force Two”, detailing the aborted Scorpion Saxon Operation of 1994 (referenced below). Pugliese talked about Tyendinaga and the possibility of community members planning to sabotage the water treatment plant in the neighbouring community of Deseronto, Ontario. He said JTF2’s intelligence cell was to watch for the releasing of “toxic waste into the treatment plant to poison the water system.” Half of Tyendinaga’s households draw water from that very plant, making its sabotage a remote possibility to say the least.
13. The Prepared Invasion in 1994
In 1994, the Canadian Military trained for an invasion of 4 Mohawk communities: Kahnawake, Akwesasne, Kanehsatake and Tyendinaga. The ‘Scorpion Saxon Operation’ was to have involved some 1,500 soldiers, 2,000 RCMP and 2,000 Quebec officers. The invasions were to take place at night, with the forces arriving by road, rail and air using helicopters and armoured vehicles. The soldiers would have tear gas, smoke bombs and pepper spray. They had apparently perfected the use of 66 millimetre rockets and M-67 type fragmentation grenades. The operation involved low level helicopter training flights below power lines and shooting exercises at flight levels of 100 feet. The Military’s most secret and elite unit, Joint Task Force 2 (JTF2), was on standby to participate in the operation. JTF2 soldiers were informed that the planned assault was expected to spark countrywide native protests and to prepare for multiple native-led strikes.
At the time, the Military called their assault preparations ‘simple routine training’. It would appear the invasions were called off largely for two reasons: (1) CSIS issued a warning to the Federal [Page 3] Government that the police measures would cause such “grave political violence” that it would be unpalatable to the Canadian public. (2) There were so many leaks, rumours and media coverage about the Military’s training activities at the time, the Army felt its element of surprise had been compromised. The Federal Government maintains the entire exercise was simply an attempt to curb the sale of Native Cigarettes.
14. In Conclusion
In the spring of 1992, Tyendinaga fishermen renewed the practice of harvesting fish by spear in various rivers throughout the Bay of Quinte area. These rivers fall within Mohawk Territorial waters, running largely off reserve. Non-native fishermen are bound by Ontario law with respect to fishing seasons, catch quotas and licences. Mohawks fish without any outside restrictions. Though based on unrelinquished historical rights, the fishermen endure racist slurs, unfounded accusations that they would decimate the fish stocks and assert their rights to provide food for their families. Today we are still fishing and there are lots of fish.
We may again be facing violence and racism as we utilize another resource that has been with us since time immemorial. Tobacco, which can contribute to the maintenance and development of our families and our nation, on our own terms, and for years to come. In 2006 Mohawk people have established stores that sell pop, chips, newspapers, and cigarettes without criminal involvement. Tyendinaga is home to a number of viable and successful businesses that do not charge taxes on their goods or services. This does not make them criminal, it makes them Native-run.
Mar. 6, 2006. 01:00 AM PETER EDWARDS STAFF REPORTER
Community members of the Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory in eastern Ontario say they’re bracing for a combined Canadian Forces/RCMP operation targeting the cigarette trade next month.
“The whole community believe it and people are gearing up for it as if it was a fact,” said Shawn Brant, 41, a father of three.
Brant said news of the planned operation leaked out from military sources, but he declined to elaborate.
Sgt. Martin Blais of the RCMP in Ottawa declined to comment. “We would not confirm or deny this or any operational matter.” Among those attending a public meeting in Tyendinaga this week that dealt with fears there will be a military/RCMP operation was Brant Bardy, 43, co-ordinator for the aboriginal media course at the First Nations Technical Institute at Tyendinaga.
The operation would target businesses that sell cigarettes and tobacco products without collecting sales tax.
Bardy, a life-long Tyendinaga resident, said the community was already upset after low-flying military helicopters from nearby Canadian Forces Base Trenton flew over residences and businesses the night of Feb. 8 and during the next day.
“They (the military) just come in here when they want,” Bardy said.
“There’s a growing animosity here. The attitude of the military has got to change.” However, Maj. Mike Lagace of the Canadian Air Force Air Wings headquarters in Winnipeg said relationships with local communities are important for the military.
“As planners we consider how it affects surrounding communities. The Canadian Forces are very open to discussing these concerns,” Lagace added.
[Page 5]. Chief R. Donald Maracle of the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte, Tyendinaga, said he wasn’t able to attend this week’s urgent meeting because he was undergoing surgery in Toronto.
However, Maracle revealed he wrote a letter to the military on Feb. 9 protesting the helicopter flights, saying “further activities will be viewed as harassment and a serious breach of protocol.”
“We have a lot of people in our community who are decorated veterans,” Maracle said in an interview. “We want to have a positive relationship with the military.”
Bardy fears any operation on the reserve would end tragically, like when the Ontario Provincial Police marched on Ipperwash Provincial Park late at night Sept. 6, 1995, after Stoney Point Indians occupied the park.
[Page 6]. From the “Mohawk Nation Drummer” Tyendinaga, Mohawk Nation Territory March 2005
16. The Sovereignty of the Mohawk People
Recent raids into some businesses on the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory, has raised concerns among local business owners on Tyendinaga. The issue is the sale and trade of tobacco products throughout native territories and within sister communities.
With news of the RCMP raids still fresh in peoples minds, Shawn Brant of the Tyendinaga Mohawk Tobacco Products (TMT), spoke with me surrounding the recent events in Six Nations and the future for Tyendinaga.
Brant said, “In 1991 it was illegal for a Mohawk person to harvest fish from the Belleville and Napanee Rivers to feed their family. It took the overwhelming courage of this community to confront that issue, raise public awareness and fight for the dignified right to feed ourselves, on our terms. I see the tobacco issue following that same course.”
“We have to stop accepting the white man’s version of events, and believe in who we are as a people. We are distinct, sovereign, and honourable. We herald from the greatest Nation this world will ever know.”
To defend his statement Brant cited a recent court ruling where the presiding Provincial Court Judge Collins agreed, “that Mohawk People truly represent a clear, separate and distinct nation of people, They have existed long before the creation of Canada, and its laws, and more importantly, exercised the right of Treaty Making in its relationships with incurring sovereigns like the English, French and Dutch.
In this case, it was ruled that the Albany Treaty signed in 1701, between Mohawk and British people, was in fact an example of the sovereign right that is vested with any Nation and subject to the standards set out under international rule of law.
Simply stated by Brant, “Our ancestors were a nation of people and we are the true heirs and successors of that nation.”
During the thirteen days of historical evidence, presented by the crown and defence, the court found that, “Mohawk people clearly engaged in resource harvesting and trade for the purpose of economic benefit”.
Brant continues, “It is for these reasons that we must change our vocabulary from disingenious words like “contraband”, and replace them with words that recognize the tremendous value that this and our other resources can provide. By utilizing this resource, as our anscestors did, we can contribute to the maintenance of our nation, on our own terms, and for years to come.”
While the raids in Six Nations yielded some hot community meetings and strong anti-government rhetoric, there was no immediate defensive strategy to deal with the anti-native events from [Page 7] happening. When asked about Tyendinaga’s ability to respond to similar police tactics here, Brant concluded, “We are always organized and ready to meet the challenges that threaten the people, land, or law. I do not see this as simply an issue of tobacco. This is about Bill C-20, FNG, and the OPP killing of Dudley George. It is about seeing if we can believe again in who we are, as a society, and for the values that have preserved us for generations.”
[Page 8] From “The Eastern Door” Kahnawake, Mohawk Nation Territory Volume 8 Number 25 July 16, 1999 “http://www.easterndoor.com/archives/VOL.8/8-25.htm”
17. Army Was Poised To Invade Kahnawake By: Kenneth Deer
An article published in Le Journal de Montreal confirmed that the Canadian Armed Forces, the RCMP and the SQ were prepared to enter the three Mohawk communities of Kahnawake, Kanehsatake and Akwesasne in 1994. (See following story)
Under the Freedom of Information Act, reporter Marco Fortier obtained 1599 pages of documents which outlined a plan to send 2,000 RCMP, 2,000 SQ officers and 15,000 soldiers into the three communities to, ostensibly, stop the “illegal” trade in contraband cigarettes.
The report drew quick response from the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake. The MCK “is shocked but not surprised at the governments and police planned assault on Kahnawake, Kanehsatake and Akwesasne in 1994. Although relations between the Provincial and Federal governments and Aboriginals has improved, the MCK will always be vigilant when dealing with any government and will remain conscious of the history.”
“In 1994 the three Mohawk Chiefs of Kahnawake, Kanehsatake and Akwesasne were meeting with Federal Ministers to look at alternative and peaceful economic development measure to replace the tobacco industry, apparently the governments had other plans – “might is right” and “force is the answer”.
“It is incredible to believe that a country (recently honoured as the most peaceful country) could have planned such an attack.”
Fortier submitted his request to the Armed Forces last October and waited eight months for a response.
“I knew the papers were there because there were so many rumours in 1994 about such a plan,” said Fortier. “My goal was not to anger anyone, neither government nor Mohawks. I was just writing a story.”
Fortier received the documents two weeks before the published report. He said that it was just a coincidence that it came out just after the powwow. A spokesman for National Defense could not be reached for comment. [Page 9]. END OF AUDIO II…
AUDIO III. NO 18: CSIS INVOLVED
18. CSIS involved
In a second article that appeared on Tuesday, July 13, Fortier reported that CSIS warned the government about any intervention on the reserves. “The police measures aiming to counter contraband activities (from the Mohawk Warrior Society) will increase significantly the risk of grave political violence” according to the article.
CSIS was active in trying to recruit informants in the three communities. Jean Jolicoeur, described as a former resident of Kanehsatake, stated that he was approached by three operatives of CSIS in 1994. He said that he and two other Mohawks met with CSIS seven or eight times in Dorval and Laval. “We said nothing to them; if we had revealed something, we would be dead,” Jolicoeur is quoted. He states that he warned the people on the reserve about these incidents.
The article goes on to say that the National Defense Department had placed a Special Investigations Unit with sophisticated equipment on alert. They were in charge of watching the barricades at the entrance to Kahnawake, the Longhouse, the Survival School, the Mohawk Nation Office and the Peacekeepers station, according to Army documents.
In Kanehsatake, they were to watch the band council and the treatment center. In Akwesasne, the Seaway and the East end of Cornwall Island. “The Mohawk Warrior Society is the biggest extremist Aboriginal group and potentially the most violent in Canada”, stated the CSIS report.
Training to the scale of expected Mohawk resistance.Night shooting, anti-tank combat, handling of fragmenting grenades: the military exercise of 1994 foresaw rough resistance by the Mohawks of Kahnawake, Kanesatake and Akwesasne. Article translated by Isobelle Schulte-Tenckhoff. By: Marco Fortier.
The National Defence was to be guided by principles requiring minimal use of force and had planned always to obey the rules, according to documents obtained by the Journal de Montreal. But the weapons involved on both sides portended the risk of bloodshed.
“We must expect to confront people who are armed. Therefore, the commander in charge of tactics could not risk exposing his soldiers equipped only with sticks and shields,” warned a high-ranking representative of the Terrestrial Forces in an internal note dated February 1994.
Military strategists were expecting confrontations between soldiers and Mohawks where each would carry an automatic or semi-automatic weapon.
The soldiers would have had easy access to tear gas, smoke bombs and pepper spray, according to the wishes of the high commander of the operation. Four years after the Oka crisis, soldiers from Valcartier, Gagetown and Petawawa were thus trained to assault barricades.
The documents reveal that the soldiers perfected the art of using 66 millimeters rockets and of handling M-67 type fragmentation grenades.
From February 14 to 25, 1994, soldiers from the 5th Mechanized Group of Canada and from the Royal Canada Regiment also learned to build trenches and erect road blocks to surround a territory. RCMP personnel took part in some training activities.
21. In the air
From February 28 to March 4, 1994, Squadron 430 of Valcartier was trained to fly helicopters below power lines. They also did exercises of shooting while flying at 100 feet above the ground. The plan made provisions for an agreement with the Federal Minister of Transports to allow the army to fly over the three reserves targeted without restrictions. [Page 11].
Two of the three reserves had small civilian planes, but also weapons likely to cause heavy damage, according to a (then) secret report: 50 calibre “snipers,” caliber M-60 weapons, grenades, light anti-tank artillery, plus the usual AK-47.
The risk was so high that the project was aborted in the fall of 1994.
The invasion of the three Mohawk reserves by police and army was becoming so risky that the operation was aborted in the fall of 1994.
The plan of the SQ, the RCMP and the Canadian army was cancelled because of (well-founded) rumours about the military operation circulated by the media, in addition to a radical lowering of the tax on tobacco.
According to a service note from the Headquarters of the National Defence dated June 29, 1994, obtained through the Access to Information Act, “information available to date and our knowledge about the plan of the police indicate that it is appropriate from now on to lower the level of alert.”
The note specified that the National Defence and the police forces continued to exchange information, but decreased tension in the reserves no longer justified an armed intervention.
22. Peaceful struggle
It must be said that the governments resorted to drastic means to make life miserable for contraband without using armed force.
One week prior to the start of the intensive military exercise involving 1,500 soldiers, Prime Minister Jean Chretien announced an immediate tax reduction of 5$ per cigarette carton.
The provinces followed course. This was a solid blow to contraband, made less attractive because of the reduced prices.
The Chretien government also doubled the number of RCMP and customs agents in charge of preventing the illegal commerce of tobacco, alcohol and firearms. This initiative gave rise to some spectacular arrests in the Montreal area and the seizure of millions of dollars.
Invasion of the three Indian reserves were already prepared in spite of denial by federal and provincial authorities
Documents obtained by the Journal de Montréal revealed that at least 5,500 heavily armed policemen and soldiers were put in a state of alert to invade the three Mohawk reserves of Kahnawake, Kanesatake and Akwesasne in February 1994.
According to the 1,599 pages of documentation obtained through the Access to Information Act, more than 1,500 Canadian soldiers had followed intense training for the possible invasion of the three Aboriginal reserves, with 24 to 72 hours notice. [Page 12]. END OF AUDIO III…
AUDIO IV. NO. 23: A POWDER KEG
23. A powder keg
In fact, the Montreal region was sitting on a powder keg all through the first half of 1994: Mohawks armed to the teeth had announced they would retaliate with force to any aggression by police or army.
An internal note from the National Defence Department dated February 14, 1994 stated: “It is possible that the Canadian Armed Forces are called upon to assist the civil authorities or to provide armed assistance to the RCMP in the struggle against natives selling cigarettes, mainly in Quebec or Ontario, with little notice.”
The documents obtained by the Journal de Montreal demonstrate that the federal and provincial governments committed outright lies; they had always denied persisting rumours of an invasion of the Aboriginal reserves.
SQ, RCMP and army planned an unprecedented operation to put an end to the alleged trade of cigarettes, alcohol, firearms and illegal aliens by the Mohawks. According to the documents obtained, SQ and RCMP would lead an offensive strike and be the first to invade the three reserves. The army would then follow quickly to “secure” the Aboriginal territories.
According to our information, 2,000 SQ agents and the same number of RCMP personnel would have taken part in the operation. More than 1,500 soldiers from the three bases were trained.
Soldiers from Valcartier would have entered Kahnawake on the south shore of Montreal; those from Gagetown, New Brunswick, would have struck Kanesatake (Oka); and the soldiers from the Ontario base of Petawawa would have invaded the Akwesasne reserve, which spreads over Quebec, Ontario and the State of New York, south of Cornwall.
Those three tactical groups could rely on ten bases scattered across Canada for extra weapons, combat vehicles or personnel.
Indeed, the plan anticipated recourse to two infantry companies, four combat units and a tactical group per reserve “to make a show of force during the initial deployment.”
The strategists of SQFT, the Quebec Sector of the Terrestrial Forces, chosen to command the operation, had planned to deploy the armed forces during the night. They would have arrived by road, rail and air, using helicopters and Cougar, Husky and Grizzly armoured vehicles.
One of the possible HQs of the operation was situated at Château-du-Lac, at exit 17 of west-bound highway 20, in what used to be the former head office of Septa Rail.
The planned invasion of the three Mohawk reserves was a total failure as far as public relations were concerned. There were so many leaks to the media that the police and the army did not know what to invent to keep the plan a secret. [Page 13]
“Because of existing censorship, we are in a situation where we have to either avoid the media altogether or lie about the state of our preparations,” indicated an internal note dated February 1994 from the Headquarters of the Quebec Sector of the Terrestrial Forces.
The tension was at its peak when, on February 4, RCMP representatives tried to reassure the three Mohawk Chiefs in a meeting held in a Dorval hotel. The Aboriginal chiefs came out of that meeting more worried than ever!
“Transparency has always been the key to the success of the military in the eyes of the public. [… ] The credibility of the military has suffered, for it looked as if we were trying to hide something,” said Captain J.B.S. Roy, from the Commander Office of the Terrestrial Forces of St-Hubert, in a service note dated June 30, 1994.
24. “Routine training”
Given the extent of the rumours, Public Affairs of the National Defence Department then agreed to describe the Scorpio-Saxon exercise as “simple routine training.” There was no intention to confirm the plan to invade the three Aboriginal reserves, explain several internal notes from the National Defence Department, obtained by the Journal de Montreal. The Mohawks, who were far from reassured, had created a Peacekeeper force in Kanesatake to counter possible “aggression” by the SQ.
According to the press of November 19, 1994, this moved Public Security Minister Serge Menard to state: “We have no more the intention of invading Kanesatake than of invading Sainte-Anne-de- Beaupre [a religious retreat].” [Page 14]
More on ’94… Note: Joint Task Force Two is Canada’s version of the U.S. Navy Seals or British SAS i.e. the most elite highly trained soldiers in Canada.
“Throughout December 1993 and into early January, senior officials from the Defence department, RCMP and Canadian Security Intelligence Service held a series of strategy sessions to determine the best course of action. By the end of January, a plan had been hatched and Cabinet ministers briefed. Put before them was a sweeping operation that would see an assault force of as many as 800 RCMP officers, backed by several thousand soldiers, take control of the reserves. The RCMP would use four military sites, including CFB Trenton, Ontario, as jumping off points for what was essentially an invasion of native lands.
“Covert reconnaissance and intelligence-gathering missions would be conducted by the military police’s SIU Special Operations Branch. In particular. The RCMP needed detailed information on the numbers and types of weapons the Mohawk Warriors might have on hand. JTF2 would be needed to deal with any attacks by natives on key points such as water treatment plants and highways. The unit was told to prepare for multiple native-led terrorist strikes.
“… JTF2 was also informed that the planned RCMP assault was expected to spark country-wide native protests. Military intelligence reports listed a few of the vulnerable areas. For instance, there was potential for natives at the Tyendinaga reserve, east of Belleville, to close down Highway 401, the main transportation artery in Ontario. Mohawk sympathizers might also seize and sabotage a water treatment plant at Deseronto, Ontario, releasing toxic waste in the treatment plant to poison the water system. The same scenario might play out at water filtration and pumping stations near Forest, Ontario.”
Note: This makes no sense. The water treatment plant that “Mohawk sympathizers” were apparently going to sabotage services half of the Tyendinaga Mohawk reserve which borders Deseronto. Why would Mohawks poison half of their own people? Answer: they wouldn’t, obviously. But then again, just about every violent claim that the government, police, and military agencies make against the Mohawks and other native people turns out to be bullshit.
“…Other military units across the country, in particular those in Quebec and New Brunswick, were also put on five days notice to move into the volatile areas. The Second Battalion of the Royal Canadian Regiment (2RCR) was to provide engineers with heavy equipment to smash down Mohawk barricades as well handle crowd control. To do its job, the battalion requested seven M113 armored personnel carriers, 13 heavy machineguns, and large stocks of riot gear including face shields and body armor. The 5e Groupe Brigade Mécanisé du Canada, also part of the assault force, asked for an extra $4.2 million worth of ammunition. At CFB Petawawa, the First Battalion of the Royal Canadian Regiment (1RCR) began training for crowd control and dismantling roadblocks. In all, a quarter of the Canadian Army’s combat power was at a high state of readiness.
“The mission went by two names: Operation Campus and Scorpion-Saxon.Worried that the news media might find out about the plan, the military decided to call their assault preparations an “exercise.” Canadian Forces public affairs officers concocted a cover story to mislead journalists about [Page 15] the growing movement of troops around bases in Quebec and New Brunswick. Reporters were told that since some units had let their combat skills slide while on peacekeeping duties in the former Yugoslavia, they needed to take refresher training. A few news agencies didn’t buy the story. On February 16, Le Journal de Montreal reported that two artillery units from CFB Valcartier, Quebec, had been placed on standby to support some kind of RCMP operations within the next eight days. The next day, La Presse newspaper reported that troops at Valcartier and CFB Gagetown, New Brunswick, were going to take part in counter-smuggling operations.
“In the end, cooler heads prevailed and Prime Minister Jean Chrétien’s Liberal government backed off the assault plan. With the element of surprise lost, Ottawa would try new, more peaceful methods, such as reducing cigarette taxes, to break the lucrative trade in “smuggled” smokes…” [Page 16]
25. Letter from Jake Brant, Tyendinaga
January 17, 2004 Re. Kanehsatake
Within the whole of the Mohawk Nation, we have been waiting for such an event. Since the failed Military invasion of our communities in 1994, which included some 6,000 troops and months of training, the Federal Government has been quietly organizing a new strategy to deal with its approach to totally non-existing] “organized crime” within all Mohawk communities. The crime that was alleged to have been committed in 1994, and as government suggests, continues to be committed is the manufacturing and sale of cigarettes by the natives. One report suggests the need to “target the Indians’ claims to the inherent right of inter-tribal trade with sister Mohawk communities and the native run tobacco manufacturing industry as a whole.” It is concluded that the organized aspect to the criminal offence exists because all distributors in Kanehsatake charge the same price of $25.00 per carton thereby suggesting collusion between proprietors.
The government has successfully transmitted its media message of “law and order” and “organized crime” to the public and they do so at any cost. I sat through a Kanehsatake Police Commission press conference and witnessed a proud Mohawk man give his story on serving his community, as a member of the Police Commission and with no criminal record, and watched him break down when he told us how he had to explain to his children that he was not a criminal. Each of the members recounted similar stories.
I personally recall in Sept/95, reading government propaganda, endorsed by the Assembly of First Nations (AFN), that specifically stated, “There is no burial ground in Ipperwash Provincial Park. These people are on the fringe and are not supported by the council for the Band.” A few short days later, three Anishnawbe were shot, one fatally, and people who tried to help were beaten. The most severe beating was in-fact reserved for a band council member. Then Minister of Indian Affairs, Ron Irwin, was forced into admitting that there was in fact a burial ground in the park, after proof was presented.
During Gustafsen Lake BC, supporters behind the lines were presented as terrorists, dissidents, and on the fringe. The public as a whole failed to question the legitimacy of the government reports and allowed for an invasion force to attack and shoot the defenders of the land. A U.S. court however, after being asked to return one First Nations man for trial who was involved, ruled that the people of Gustafsen were engaged in a legitimate and political action to force the government of Canada from power and advance the cause of the people who lived in squalor on Indian Reservations. The court further found that the information relayed to the public at large was not truthful and was only intended to discredit the people involved and to create a feeling or sentiment of lawlessness and imminent peril for the Canadian people as a whole. There was no prospect for a fair and impartial trial and the Canadian request for extradition was refused.
I cite these two examples of struggle to illustrate the ignorance of the general public at that time and their inability to determine fact from fiction. It further illustrates the government’s willingness to engage us, even in the most righteous of situations and including those that have been likened to the protection of a cemetary from commercial development. [Page 17]
Today in Kanehsatake, the government propaganda is “organized crime” and “hells angels connection”. For us living on Nation lands and within Mohawk communities, this type of rhetoric is laughable. We know that families with children run the convenience stores. In the year 2004, Mohawk people have developed their mental capabilities to be able to establish stores that sell pop, chips, newspapers and cigarettes without mob involvement. There are craft shops, smoke shops, wood shops and others that don’t charge taxes on their goods or services and are all perceived as organized crime because they agree collectively not to collect taxes.
There is no lawlessness in Kanehsatake. There are no harleys running up and down highway 344. I would suggest that the recent Barrie, Ontario “Molson’s Pot Bust” would not fit in all the basements of the few homes in Kanehsatake. In that situation, I would hardly think that the Barrie chief of police was fearing for his job because he didn’t know it was happening right under his nose or that the people of Barrie would have tolerated the city being surrounded by military while every house and person is searched.
The issue at hand is simple. It is an attempt to curb the sale of cigarettes, made by first nations people and industries, and sold throughout first nations communities in every province.
The issue of solidarity and understanding is always difficult, despite the lessons learned from 1995. If good Canadian people are tricked once again by their government, then people in Kanehsatake and elsewhere will be subjected to further despair, intrusion, and violence. That being said, we can all rest assured that some report, sometime in the future, will reveal once again how the government lied to its people and justified its assault on the Mohawk Nation. Perhaps in a few years we can have some speakers come out to a workshop who will speak first hand to the bullshit and injustices that are being faced today by the people of Kanehsatake, but however it may be billed at the time, “Aboriginal solidarity” and Mohawk sovereignty will be determined over the next few days and weeks.
This issue has not concluded. Let us govern ourselves accordingly. Jake Brant [Page 18]
From: Wii’nimkiikaa (It Will Be Thundering) published in Coast Salish Territories (vancouver, british columbia, canada) firstname.lastname@example.org Kanehsatake Story. END OF AUDIO IV…
AUDIO V. NO 26: THE KANEHSATAKE STORY. MOHAWKS KICK COPS OFF THE REZ.
26. The Kanehsatake Story…
Mohawks Kick Cops Off Rez
On January 12th of 2004, Kanehsata:ke’s government Grand Chief James Gabriel incited a confrontation when he brought in 67 police officers from other Native communities to take over the Kanehsata:ke Mohawk Police (KMP) force and “crack down on crime”. Community residents called it an invasion and responded with force.
Earlier in the week, the news had gotten out that Gabriel had secretly signed a policing deal with the Canadian government in November of 2003, and community residents swarmed the Band Council office to reject the deal and the incoming police force. When James Gabriel’s new cops arrived on January 12th, road blockades were immediately set up to prevent nearby Quebec Provincial Police (Surete Quebec – SQ) from also invading.
Community members and masked-up Mohawk Warriors surrounded the Kanehsata:ke Mohawk Police station, using trucks to block the gates of the parking lot. The Mohawk Warrior flag was hung on the fence outside the station and a bonfire was built to keep everybody warm.
“In 2003, U.S. President George W. Bush deployed 113,000 troops to Iraq, population 27 million, to wage war on international terrorism. On Jan. 12, 2004, the Canadian and Quebec government sponsored a raid on Kanesatake, population 1,500, with 67 armed men. Can someone please tell Canadians why a small aboriginal community warrants an assault force that was proportionally 10 times greater than was deemed appropriate to combat Saddam Hussein?”
(Jane Whelen, Montreal Gazette, Tues. May 11, 2004)
About 20 riot cops assembled and fired two volleys of tear-gas canisters over the fence. The Warriors responded by chucking burning logs from the bonfire at the police. Angry community members moved onto the road and then to James Gabriel’s home. The garage was set on fire, along with Gabriel’s car. At some point, the Grand Chief had fled the reserve.
Community members then returned to the police station and vowed to confine the police to the building until they agreed to leave Kanehsata:ke entirely. When the cops tried to order pizza, it was quickly intercepted and given out to the community members at the bonfire. Some Warriors said that police of any kind are unnecessary in Kanehsata:ke, since Warrior Societies have always fulfilled the role of protecting the people. By the bonfire, one community member explained: [Page 19]
“People are getting frustrated. They’re sick and tired of Jimmy endangering their lives. People don’t want this SOB back – he’s not coming back. As far as we’re concerned, he’s banished. It’s always these secret deals with him. The feds love him because he’ll sign whatever they put in front of him – but then, what can you expect? That’s Jimmy.”
James Gabriel’s decision to bring back former Kanehsata:ke cops Larry Ross and Terry Issac, further enraged the community. Both had been previously fired from the KMP because of their conduct, and in 1999 both had been involved in the shooting of Kanehsata:ke Warrior Joe David which left him paralyzed. “These guys are deadlier than the outside cops” asserted one person.
The next day, Kanehsata:ke Police commissioners and the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake negotiated a deal to bring in a joint force of Mohawk “peacekeepers” from Kahnawake and Akwesasne to temporarily take over Kanehsata:ke’s police station. James Gabriel’s goon squad left the reserve shortly after midnight.
It was soon revealed that the Canadian government had been ready to fund Gabriel with $900,000 to replace the Kanehsata:ke Mohawk Police and the community-appointed commission that is supposed to control it with a new organization called the “Kanehsata:ke Public Security Commission.” The commission would work in partnership with the SQ and RCMP.
The so-called “Band Council resolution” which Gabriel passed in order to bring back Larry Ross and Terry Issac was signed on January 2nd, 2004, a day when government offices and the Mohawk Council of Kanehsata:ke were closed.
February 8th: 2004, about 200 Mohawks from Kahnawake and Akwesasne took part in a solidarity march in Kanehsata:ke, some carrying signs with written slogans like “Iroquois not Quebecois.”
February 20th:The Mohawks of the Tyendinaga community showed their solidarity by physically preventing James Gabriel from holding a meeting on policing at the local Mohawk Community Centre. They set up a temporary lodge outside the centre and had a bonfire going all night. More people showed up in the morning to oppose Gabriel, but the ousted Grand Chief didn’t show his face.
March 11th: Gabriel signed yet another policing deal with the Quebec and Canadian governments at the Hilton hotel in Laval, behind a wall of riot cops.
March 31st:Schools shut down and Mohawk Warriors gathered outside the Kanehsata:ke Police station as the community prepared for the arrival of Gabriel’s newly appointed police chief Ed Thompson and the possibility of another invasion. The station’s KMP flag was taken down and replaced with a Warrior flag, but the Warriors left the scene before Thompson finally showed up, all by himself. Over the next few days Thompson proved himself to be a puppet of James Gabriel, and he mostly operated from nearby Oka, while Melissa Montour was the only KMP officer actually patrolling the community. [Page 20]
April 9th:About 20 community members gathered on Highway 344 and blocked Thompson and six of his newly appointed police officers from entering the reserve. Another police officer was turned away the following day.
April 12th:Going on the offensive, community members took over and shut down the Kanehsata:ke Police station and said that it would stay closed, at least until Band Council elections in June. Weapons were removed and given to the Kahnawake Mohawk police force. Residents proceeded to patrol the community, watching for attempted police raids.
April 16th:Arrest warrants were issued for 24 people in relation to the January 12th conflict. Deborah Etienne voluntarily turned herself in the next day, only to be forced to sign release conditions that she not communicate with the 23 other community members on the warrant list or return to her home in Kanehsata:ke. Another community member was arrested in Montreal and given the same conditions.
May 3rd: 40-60 of James Gabriel’s cops, decked out in full riot gear, tried to raid Kanehsata:ke. Warriors threw rocks, forcing the police to retreat and abandon a KMP police car. Gabriel and Thompson then called for SQ and RCMP intervention. Mohawks from nearby communities such as Tyendinaga rushed to Kanehsata:ke to show solidarity and assist in preventing a full-scale siege. At the same time, the community was hit with the news of Joe David’s death.
May 5th: Masked Warriors set up camp on both sides of Highway 344 to prevent a joint intervention by the SQ, RCMP, and Gabriel’s cops. SQ cars are being allowed to drive through the reserve on the highway, as they usually do, but not to patrol or intervene in the community.
May 8th: the 24 Kanehsata:ke Mohawks on the warrants list appeared in court in St. Jerome. James Gabriel was represented by Francois Briere, who was the prosecutor against Ronald “Lasagna” Cross and other Mohawk Warriors after the 1990 Oka Crisis. The judge ruled that nine of the accused could return home on the condition that they not wear masks, carry weapons or communicate with James Gabriel. Conditions preventing three of the accused from returning to their homes were upheld.
May 28:4 police cars were set on fire outside the KMP station.
June 9: Joseph Day turned himself into the police after a warrant had been issued for his arrest in connection with the fire that burned James Gabriel’s garage in January. Day is charged with ‘intentionally or recklessly causing damage by fire or by explosion.’ He was released from custody and will appear in court in the week of June 14.
June 11, 2004:The KMP station was set on fire, and put out by the fire department within the hour. James Gabriel released a statement condemning the fire as, [Page 21] “Another deplorable criminal act which underlies the necessity to restore law and order quickly in Kanesatake,” And he promised “…to meet in the territory with the Kanesatake Mohawk Council Chiefs to over-come our differences and agree on the fundamental conditions needed to hold an open and fair election. … We must work together to let the people of Kanesatake choose the Grand Chief and Chiefs free of any fears or threats…”
27. Cutting through the Crap
Throughout the recent conflict, the corporate media played their usual role in trying to cover-up the real reasons behind the struggle, to confuse and divide the people, to portray Warriors as apolitical criminals, and to convince the public that this was merely an internal dispute between Kanehsata:ke community members. The same tactics were used during the Oka Crisis of 1990, as they’d been used for years before then.
Cigarettes and marijuana have always been used as a smokescreen by the corporate media and their masters to divert attention from the legitimate struggle of the Mohawk people for their land and freedom. As some community members have pointed out, the cigarette trade has actually lowered the crime rate in Kanehsata:ke, since people now have a source of income.
For many traditionalists, the cigarette trade is a matter of self-sufficiency and economic survival. Mohawk involvement in the tobacco trade is hundreds of years old. Tobacco is an indigenous product which the European colonizers appropriated. Massive federal and provincial taxes on cigarettes have also contributed to the trade in native communities.
The Cigarette trade through the Akwesasne reserve, which is cut in half by the Canadian-American border, has been used by Canada as an excuse for police raids and harassment. Akwesasne has been ecologically destroyed by aluminium smelters and other industrial developments which have poisoned the land and caused birth defects amongst the people, leaving the cigarette trade as one of the only ways to make a living.
The ongoing conflicts on Mohawk territory, including Kanehsata:ke, are the result of more than 500 years of colonization and resistance. The authorities are trying to hide this fact in order to discourage the kind of sovereign solidarity that made the 1990 stand-off at Kanehsata:ke a “crisis” for Canada’s ruling elite.
The Mohawk Nation has been a major thorn in the side of the corporate colony of Canada, because the armed resistance of the Mohawk people has exposed Canada as a colonial state and has awakened the Warrior spirit in indigenous peoples across the country.
No other Indian nation within Canada has engaged in armed resistance as often as the Mohawks, and no other nation has been able to maintain police “no-go zones” for as long as they have.
The fighting spirit of the Mohawks, and their ability to forcibly retain independent control of their territory is completely unacceptable to the corporations of Canada and Quebec. [Page 22]. END OF AUDIO 5…
AUDIO VI. NO. 28: THE SOVEREIGN MOHAWK NATION
28. The Sovereign Mohawk Nation
The traditional Mohawks have always maintained their sovereignty; their independence. They rightly view the corporation of Canada as an occupying state that has oppressed the kanienkehaka Mohawk people through hundreds of years of genocide and assimilation. A major part of this process was Canada’s imposition of the Band Council system by unlawfully enacting the Indian Lands Acts on October 25, 1924 .
Grand Chiefs, band Councils and police forces are not a part of the traditional Two Row and the Great Peace. They are corporate acts enacted to steal sovereign native land which cannot be sold or conveyed.
“Corruption” is “business as usual” for Canada and its Chiefs and Band Councils, which are funded by the corporation of Canada to manage Native communities and deter resistance to corporate extraction of Indigenous resources.
The traditional Mohawk form of community organization is the Longhouse, and it is maintained to this day as an independent forum of the people, and an alternative to the Canadian Band Council system.
Women have been at the forefront of Mohawk struggles for self-determination. Traditional Mohawk culture is matrilineal; meaning that women hold a position of influence and respect within Mohawk society and pass this on to their children. Traditionally, if a Chief ever lost the esteem of their people, clan mothers could remove the offending Chiefs, and this removal was considered a permanent disgrace.
29. James Gabriel’s Regime and his KMP Militia
James Gabriel had already been ousted from the community once before, in December of 2001, when he was voted out of office. Residents were fed up with Gabriel funneling money into policing while education and social programs were ignored.
In May of 2002, a group of 15 Kanehsata:ke women prevented Gabriel from returning to his position in the Band Council, despite a federal court order to reinstate him. But Gabriel finally slimed his way back in and got back to work making trouble, signing secret deals with his buddies in the governments of Canada and Quebec. Gabriel’s use of the KMP as his personal militia has been a constant source of tension in the community.
On June 5th of 1999, Kanehsata:ke cops Larry Ross and Police Chief Terry Issac, were involved in the shooting of Joe David, a traditionalist and sovereignist who was among the Mohawk Warriors who defended Kanehsata:ke in 1990 and was one of the last holdouts in the Onentokon Treatment Center.
Joe had told a kid riding a four-wheel vehicle to get off his property, and the kid complained to the police that Joe threatened him. The KMP used this as an excuse to lay siege to Joe’s home. [Page 23]
Joe had always maintained that the establishment of the KMP was in conflict with the traditional Mohawk way of life. He was also considered to be a “squatter” on his own territory by the Band Council and the police, since he had moved into one of the 73 empty houses on the reserve, along with many other Mohawks.
Larry Ross in particular, pushed for an assault on Joe’s home, while the other cops wanted to wait it out and negotiate. Ross was well known for his hostile attitude towards Warrior Societies, which he referred to as “organized crime syndicates”, and he stated that he would “get rid of the Warriors.”
Ross ended up shooting Joe David in the back, paralyzing him.
James Gabriel has also been continuously trying to negotiate away Mohawk sovereignty. On March 27th of 2001, the Canadian government passed Bill S-24, ratifying an “Agreement with Respect to Kanesatake Governance of the Interim Land Base” between the Band Council and the Canadian government, which was negotiated throughout the year 2000. Fewer than half of the 1,000 eligible voters in Kanehsata:ke took part in the ratification vote. The final tally was 239 votes in favour and 237 opposed, with ten spoiled ballots. Despite this, the agreement passed by a “majority”.
Traditional Mohawks let it be known that they would continue to oppose the deal.
In September of 2001, Kanehsata:ke and Mi’kmaq cops, lead by Larry Ross, raided the home of former Chief Robert Gabriel, executing a search warrant for drugs. At the same time, 100 SQ officers and a SWAT team arrested Robert Gabriel in Montreal. No charges were laid against him and no drugs were found in his home. Instead, police removed a safe from Robert’s home which contained documents that he was using in a complaint he had filed against Grand Chief James Gabriel in March of 1999.
In the days after the raid, the vehicle of KMP spokesman Bobby Bonspiel was firebombed, gunshots were fired into the KMP station, forcing all the officers to flee to a nearby SQ station in Oka, and trees and power lines were cut down to blockade roads. Larry Ross was fired from the KMP in a unanimous decision by the Mohawk Council of Kanehsata:ke. Grand Chief James Gabriel defended Ross, but the community warned that there would be a war if he was not removed. [Page 24]
Joe “Stone Carver” David -born in 1957- died on May 3, 2004. (photo: Eastern Door. vol. 8. no. 20 June 11, 1999)
Ross had been previously fired from the Akwesasne police force because he was too “trigger-happy”. Before that he had been “honourably discharged” from the American army after participating in the first American war on Iraq. Ross boasted that he had “engaged the enemy”.
Mohawk life continues!
Robert Gabriel’s complaint in March of 1999 related to James Gabriel’s hiring of a known felon, Richard Walsh. Allegedly, Walsh was hired to act as an undercover agent, to find anything that could be used to discredit Robert Gabriel, in case he ran against James in the upcoming election. James Gabriel released a communiqué to the community, explaining his side of the story. In it he stated that he hired Walsh for an undercover drug operation and paid him about $74,000 dollars over 14 months.
The policing agreement which created the KMP states that no member of the police force may have a criminal record and no Band Council member may issue directions to the Chief of Police or KMP officers.
Richard Walsh had, in fact, been arrested in Kingston, Ontario, for a “breach of recognizance” issued by the Ontario Provincial Police in Pembroke.
The arresting officers found on Walsh a KMP badge, emergency vehicle headlights, hand-cuffs, a police duty belt with baton and pepper-spray, and a stolen credit card. He was subsequently charged with “impersonating a police officer” in Ontario Provincial Court. Despite all this, an SQ investigation decided not to lay charges against James Gabriel for hiring Walsh.
On March 28th of 2003, Mohawk Warriors began to block one lane of traffic on Highway 344, in anger at a new policing agreement James Gabriel had secretly signed with the Canadian government. The Band Council had no knowledge or involvement, and it authorized Cree and Mi’kmaq police officers to patrol the community.
On March 31st the Warriors expanded the blockade to both lanes of the highway, demanding that all non-Mohawk police officers leave the community. On April 2nd, the Department of Indian Affairs agreed to a meeting on the issue and the blockade came down, but the meeting did not resolve the conflict.
The Chiefs that came before James Gabriel were just as corrupt and despotic.
In 1976, Kanehsata:ke Chief Hughie Nicholas, used a little-known section of the Indian Act to abolish regular elections, public meetings and the posting of the Band membership list. He declared Kanehsata:ke a “custom band” and himself and his council as “hereditary”. He also decided that his position was a lifetime appointment. Traditional people of the Longhouse boycotted the elections, because to vote was to surrender their sovereignty as a nation and to conform to the Indian Act. In 1986, a Kanehsata:ke community group managed to oust Nicholas. [Page 25]. END OF AUDIO VI.
AUDIO VII. NO. 29: REPORT FROM KANEHSATAKE 2004
29. Report from Kanesata:ke JUNE 2004
The events in Kanehsatake of the last six months have proven to be very confusing and difficult to explain to those people not living within the territory. This question has been posed to me on numerous occasions. This will be the first time that I provide a written response to it.
Q: “In 1990 there was cross continental support and solidarity for the actions occurring in Kanehsatake, why is there so little support with what is going on currently?”
Arihwakehte: (Arihwakehte is a Kanehsatake Mohawk. He has been staying at a support camp at Kanehsatake and has been releasing independent media reports about the police conflicts.)
What makes this crisis different –in terms of support and solidarity– is the amount of negative misinformation and smear campaigns by Canadian government funded public relations firms and that the parties involved are both members of indigenous communities. Needless to say there is a great deal of confusion about the realities of the situation here in Kanehsatake. The public relations (PR) firms would have the public believe that the crisis in Kanehsatake is one of criminals hijacking control of the community from the duly elected leader James Gabriel. Gabriel who is portrayed like a sort of Elliot Ness who is fighting a war on crime and drugs and that this criminal element has ties to organized crime, etc., this however could not be further from the truth.
What makes this crisis so different from 1990 is that the highly orchestrated media spin has painted all Kanehsatake residents collectively with the same paintbrush – as criminals. Kanehsatake like any other community has some criminal activity. Gabriel and Canada’s PR firm have made Kanehsatake out to be Sodom and Gomorrah. The stories that don’t get reported – at least not as often or loudly – is the corruption on the part of James Gabriel or the brutality of his police. In 1990 the lines were clearly drawn, indigenous people fighting colonial governments and defending their lands. In 2004 the struggle is very similar with some noted exceptions, namely the players in the game. In 1990 there were non-indigenous police and military on one side and indigenous warriors on the other.
Now however the images and stories coming out of Kanehsatake are Indigenous “criminal” elements fighting to defend their criminal interests against Indigenous police and “leadership”. The real fight in Kanehsatake is the defense of the community against brutal policing and band council corruption and secret deals that undermine Indigenous rights.
Since the inception of the Kanesatake Mohawk Police (KMP) in 1997 there has been a series of incidents of police brutality and abuse of authority on the part of the KMP under the direction and sanctioning of James Gabriel. In the first two years of the KMP’s existence there was a high level of [Page 26] community acceptance as well as pride in the establishment of this police force. However, this relationship quickly began to fade when certain members of the KMP began to employ heavy handed policing techniques against community members, such as using batons, pepper spray and stun guns instead of dialogue and negotiations.
On July 15th 1999 the KMP’s use of violence came to a head with the shooting and crippling of Joe David. Immediately the shooting of Joe was deemed politically motivated by community members including the family and friends of Joe. Especially emphasized by Larry Ross’ publicly professed hatred for members of the Mohawk Warrior Society.
On numerous occasions the KMP conducted raids on community members homes. In one particular incident the residence of Harvey Nicholas was targeted. The KMP broke down Harvey’s unlocked doors and shot at him while he was still sleeping in his bed unarmed. The raid netted approximately 10 immature marijuana plants, subsequently the case against Harvey was thrown out of court due to the abuse of authority and the excessive use of force by the KMP.
In Jan./04 James Gabriel subverted the authority of the Kanehsatake Mohawk Police Commission (KMPC) by secretly hiring 67 police including Larry Ross and Terry Isaac. The operation was to remove the former chief of police Tracey Cross and to conduct a massive raid on the community to search for marijuana, firearms and to shut down the cigarette stores operating in Kanehsatake.
In reality the operation was to secure James Gabriel’s political power by using these police as an instrument to criminalize his political opponents, Gabriel publicly stated that he wanted to “cut off the head of the opposition”. The operation was funded by the Solicitor General of Canada in cooperation with the RCMP and received $900,000 dollars to buy assault rifles, tear gas, and body bags.
Canada could now have its dirty work done by Indigenous police instead of the RCMP or Quebec’s police force the Surette du Quebec (SQ) by having Indigenous police carry out assaults for them.
The Canadian government is able to play off the 1990 crisis as an internal problem and not one of an external police force assaulting an Indigenous community as was the case in 1990 and again in 1995 in Gustafson Lake BC. Right from the beginning of the crisis-unlike the 1990 crisis-the media spin was immediate and what was being said was that a handful of criminals was holding the community hostage. The fact that the real intention of the January 12th operation was to undermine the KMPC and remove Tracey Cross as the KMP chief of police was down played by the media under the guidance of Canada and Gabriel’s PR firm.
Once Gabriel’s building was burnt by a small group of men who acted on their own, an action that was condemned by the community. All the attention has been focused on this one event and all the other contributing factors have been negated even they are important in understanding the situation in Kanehsatake. The residents of Kanehsatake fully understand the frustrations felt by those individuals who took their anger out by the fire. Kanehsatake community members as well as the KMPC were able to have a peaceful resolution to the [Page 27] crisis of January 12th and 13th by having police from Kanehsatake’s sister community Kahnawake come and assume interim police duties.
On January 2nd-a legal holiday-Gabriel and his supporters on council secretly created a new policing agreement with Canada and Quebec called the Tripartite Policing Agreement (TPA). The TPA calls for the abolishment of the existing legally recognized and sanctioned Kanehsatake Mohawk Police Commission (KMPC) and Gabriel’s Kanesatake Public Security Commission (KPSC).
The civilian KMPC is comprised entirely of community members who put in their applications and are selected by committee. The policing KPSC on the other hand is made up of Gabriel and the band councilors holding the policing portfolio with Clarence Simon at its head, and the three other [policing] commissioners are the directors of welfare, health, and education – who are all Gabriel supporters.
GET THIS! The Tripartite Policing Agreement TPA gives Gabriel total control over policing which in turn controls the civilian commission. Non-Kanehsatake residents can sit on Gabriel’s Kanesatake Public Security Commission KPSC. Further, police can be commissioners on civilian boards, supposedly to act as a buffer and a liaison between the band council and the KMP and the community and the KMP. [Page 28] END OF AUDIO VII…
AUDIOS VIII AND IX COMBINED
AUDIO VIII. NO 30: THE GIG IS UP AND AUDIO NO. IX
30. The gig is up
Ex-Minister Chagnon rips ‘illegal’ Mohawk raid. Lays blame for debacle on Ottawa Former grand chief Gabriel who made a power play with ‘mercenaries’ hired with federal funds
Jeff Heinrich The Gazette, Friday, January 13, 2006
It’s been two years since a botched police operation by 67 aboriginal police officers in Kanesatake left the grand chief’s house in flames and his Mohawk community in tatters. Now the man who was Quebec’s public security minister at the time says the raid was illegal, “Duplessis-like”, mercenary and the fault of Ottawa, which paid for it. Jacques Chagnon said he personally blames the then-grand chief James Gabriel and then-solicitor- general Wayne Easter for the January 12, 2004 operation.
“It was a totally illegal,,” Chagnon, Liberal MNA for Westmount, said during an hour-long TV interview Wednesday night at his home in Boucherville, parts of which were aired yesterday on Radio-Canada. Ottawa, and, in particular, Easter, should never have authorized a $900,000 special anti-crime subsidy to Kanesatake’s band council that made the operation possible, Chagnon said. The federal government should have heeded the advise of the RCMP and Surete du Quebec at the time, which said the raid would be a big mistake, he said.
And, Chagnon added, he would never have approved the transfer of aboriginal officers – “mercenaries,” he called them – from reserves across Quebec to take part in the Kanesatake raid. In the end, the heavily armed officers and special constables got nowhere. They stayed in the Kanehsatake police station for 36 hours, as a crowd of residents opposed to Gabriel and the operation kept watch outside. The stand-off was diffused when the police were escorted out by Kahnawake Peacekeepers on January 14.
At the time, Chagnon was criticized for appearing to cave in to demonstrators, some of whom were convicted criminals with histories of violence. Yesterday, he said he “paid the price”: He was demoted from Jean Charest’s cabinet last March.
Put on trial last fall for rioting and forcibly confining the officers, several of the demonstrators were convicted and are awaiting sentencing Jan. 20 in St. Jerome. [Page 29]. Chagnon told journalist Alain Picard he thinks Gabriel was trying to establish “absolute power” by the operation, whose goal was to replace then-chief of police Tracey Cross with one of Gabriel’s allies, former police chief Terry Isaac.
That blend of politics and policing smacked of the Duplessis era, Chagnon said. Though the media made Gabriel into a “martyr saint” after his house was burned down, the Mohawk leader’s actions were something else, Chagnon said. “He pulled off a tour de force, getting himself armed by the federal government, using totally illegal methods to bring in an army of mercenaries … into the territory to replace his chief of police,” Chagnon said.
Radio-Canada intends to air further excerpts of the Chagnon interview today. email@example.com ********************************************************************
[AUDIOS VIII AND IX COMBINED CONTINUED].
31. MOHAWK LEADERS FUMING
Chagnon upbraided. Remarks by ex-minister on raid called ‘malicious’.
DEBBIE PARKES, The Gazette Published: Saturday, January 14, 2006.
Angry Kanesatake band councillors say former Quebec public security minister Jacques Chagnon should learn to hold his tongue instead of making “malicious” and “provocative” statements. They were complaining about Chagnon’s characterization of 67 aboriginal police officers who took part in a botched 2004 raid in the community as “mercenaries” and descriptions of the raid as illegal.
Those comments, made in an hour-long TV interview, were aired Thursday. In another segment aired yesterday, Chagnon said the quantity and firepower of the guns and ammunition the officers had – including, he said, anti-tank weapons – were enough “to start a war, almost.” He also said it was all “completely aberrant” for the community of 1,300 people west of Montreal.
“While rewriting history, (Chagnon) makes provocative comments that reopen wounds in the Mohawk community of Kanesatake at a time when the chiefs on council are initiating a mediation process with Grand Chief Steven Bonspille to restore a long-lasting peace,” the councillors said in a statement.
Notably, Bonspille – the only member of the current council who was not allied with former grand chief James Gabriel during last summer’s election – wasn’t among the issuers.
“Mr. Chagnon can say what he wants,” Bonspille said. “It’s a free country. For my part, I believe the RCMP should do an investigation based on what Mr. Chagnon is now saying.” [Page 30]
Bonspille acknowledged he’s irritated the council chiefs issued the statement without consulting him. Still, “I’m not going to speak against my council at all. We’re working together to make Kanesatake a better place.”
In the TV interview, Chagnon blamed Gabriel and then solicitor-general Wayne Easter for the botched raid Jan. 12, 2004, by aboriginal police officers hired from reserves across Quebec. Chagnon also said he couldn’t understand how the heavily armed officers could be held at bay by a couple of dozen unarmed demonstrators. “It was the first time in Canada that we faced a situation in which the hostages were armed,” he said dryly.
“They didn’t dare leave the police station. Why? What were they afraid of?” Jeff Heinrich of the gazette contributed to this report [Page 31] END OF AUDIOS VIII AND IX [Combined]
Unlike some indigenous nations within Canada, the Mohawks were able to maintain their Warrior Societies and traditions. Since the beginning of the colonization of North America, the Mohawks have defeated numerically superior enemy forces through the use of guerrilla warfare tactics.
In 1759, 1,000 Warriors of the Six Nations Confederacy (Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca and Tuscarora) and 4,000 British soldiers, defeated 9,000 French troops in open battle. During the war of 1812, 600 Mohawks defeated 7,000 American soldiers, defending Kahnawake. Less than half of the soldiers returned to the U.S. alive. In Upper Canada (now Ontario), 1,000 Mohawks and other indigenous warriors defeated 10,000 American troops and drove them back into the U.S.
Warriors Societies began to reform in the early 1970’s, with women playing a prominent part, as they demanded to participate in the traditional War Dance and to carry weapons in armed confrontations.
Louis Hall, whose Mohawk name was Karoniaktajeh, was a major source of inspiration to the resurgent Warrior Societies of the 1970’s. He designed the Mohawk Warrior flag, wrote the Warriors Hand Book, and was involved in the 1974 Moss Lake occupation. As a supporter of traditional armed Mohawk resistance to colonization he rejected the Handsome Lake version of the Great Law of Peace, since Handsome Lake was a Quaker and a pacifist. Hall maintained that the Great Law of Peace only prohibited the use of weapons between the nations of the confederacy, but did not forbid defence against outside enemies such as the governments of Quebec and Canada.
33. A History of Mohawk Resistance to Invasion
Constant military threats.
“To fight any kind of war one needs courage, gumption, knowledge of the enemy and strategic planning. The biggest single requirement is fighting spirit. People with fighting spirit shall not become casualties of psychological warfare.” (Karoniaktajeh, Louis Hall, The Warriors Hand Book )
In 1968, Mohawks in Akwesasne took over the Seaway International Bridge in a struggle against a government decision to levy customs duties on goods. RCMP and OPP officers stormed the bridge and arrested 48 people. The 1793 Jay Treaty between the U.S. and Britain secured the right of the Mohawks to take goods across the border, but Canada refuses to recognize it.
Stanley and Loon Islands were reoccupied in 1970, and in 1973, Kahnawake Warriors deployed weapons for the first time in recent history during a confrontation with the SQ that broke out after White settlers were evicted from houses on the reserve. SQ patrol cars were flipped over, and armed women Warriors took part in the conflict.
In May of 1974, Mohawk men and women occupied an abandoned camp at Moss Lake in New York State. They named it Ganienkeh – The Land of the Flint – the traditional name for the Mohawk homeland (The Mohawks call themselves the Kanienkehaka – People of the Flint). An armed stand-off began, [Page 32] involving hundreds of state police. The stand-off wound down after a few years of negotiations with New York State and the Mohawks exchanged Moss Lake for land near Altona, just south of the Canadian border. Ganienkeh was retained as the name for this land, liberated from the colonizer.
In 1979, Kahnawake Mohawk David Cross was shot and killed in his driveway by an SQ officer. The SQ were subsequently barred from entering Kahnawake, and the reserve essentially became a police “no-go zone.”
This provided a safe haven for Mohawks with arrest warrants. Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien commented on the situation in 1994, saying “There will be no refuge for criminals. No-go areas are not acceptable in Canada” (Globe and Mail, Feb. 9/94)
In June of 1988, 200 RCMP officers raided six cigarette stores in Kahnawake, using helicopters, riot squads and semi-automatic weapons to arrest 12 people and seize $450,000 worth in cigarettes. In retaliation, the Kahnawake Warrior Society seized the Mercier Bridge for 29 hours. The blockade was lifted when the provincial & federal governments agreed to negotiations on the cigarette trade.
In early March of 1990, roadblocks and gun battles erupted between factions for and against the cigarette trade and gambling on the Akwesasne reserve. Those opposed to cigaret sales and gambling were primarily Christian Mohawks and supporters of the government controlled Band Council, and they repeatedly requested their police intervention in the matter, but after 33 days they were driven off in a gun fight. On May 1st, two Mohawks were killed in the conflict, including one Mohawk opposed to the cigaret economy and gambling and a Warrior who mostly supported it. Subsequently, 400 Ontario police and RCMP officers, along with Canadian Armed Forces soldiers, New York State Police and U.S. National Guard troops invaded and occupied the reserve.
On March 10th of 1990 the Mohawks of Kanehsata:ke occupied the Pines (traditional lands on which the people’s cemetery is located) to oppose the Municipality of Oka’s plans to expand an adjacent golf course and to build 60 luxury homes around its perimeter.
The golf course was part of Oka’s lucrative tourist industry. For four months the community blockaded a road leading into the Pines. On July 11th, over 100 members of the Quebec Provincial Police attacked the barricades, opening fire on mostly women and children and firing tear gas and concussion grenades. Members of the Kahnawake and Kanehsata:ke Warrior Societies returned fire. One SQ officer was shot and killed, most likely by “friendly fire.”
The wind blew the tear gas back at the Surete du Quebec SQ and the officers retreated, leaving several police vehicles behind. The Warriors then used them to reinforce the defensive barricades. In solidarity, Warriors in Kahnawake seized and blockaded the Mercier Bridge, a vital route into the city of Montreal, threatening to blow it up if Kanehsata:ke was attacked again.
The stand-off lasted 78 days. 1,000 police officers and at least 2,650 Canadian soldiers (possibly as many as 4,000) were deployed, with tanks, Armoured Personnel Carriers and helicopters. It was the [Page 33] largest domestic military operation ever initiated by the Canadian government.
On September 26, the Mohawk defenders decided to move out of the Treatment Centre where the government had confined them, but not to surrender! The Canadian soldiers were unprepared for this. They attacked and beat-up Warriors, women and children as they struggled to return to their homes. A few defenders managed to get past the soldiers, but were then arrested by police. One young Mohawk woman was stabbed with a bayonet by a Canadian soldier.
The Mohawk resistance at Kanehsata:ke sparked solidarity actions across Canada. Road and railway blockades were set up, Indian Affairs offices were occupied, and sabotage was carried out against railway bridges and electrical power lines.
The potential for even greater and more widespread sabotage helped to effectively limit the government’s ability to militarily crush the Mohawk defenders at Kanehsata:ke. The events of 1990 are referred to as the “Oka Crisis” because Canada was on the verge of an Indian uprising.
On January 8th, 1991, residents of Kahnawake clashed with Quebec riot police and drove them off the reserve.
In February of 1992, Ronald “Lasagna” Cross and Gordon Lazore were found guilty of assault causing bodily harm, aggravated assault, and weapons charges relating to the Kanehsata:ke stand-off in 1990. Cross was sentenced to four years and four months in prison, while Lazore was sentenced to one year and 11 months.
They were found “not guilty” of uttering death threats to Canadian soldiers, and charges of “rioting” and “obstruction” were dropped. A third man, Roger Lazore was acquitted of all charges, as were another 34 of the Kanehsata:ke defenders in a separate trial.
On January 21st, 1994, about 60 rounds were fired at two Canadian military aircraft which flew over Kahnawake. When the aircraft landed in a field their crew was approached by residents who informed them that they had to leave.
Bloc Quebecois Member of Parliament Claude Bachand was kicked out of Kahnawake on February 10th of 1994, after going door-to-door asking residents about their attitudes towards “guns and smuggling”.
Men always ready.
In 1999, a journalist with “Le Journal de Montreal” obtained 1,599 pages of documents through the Freedom of Information Act which described plans on the part of the Canadian government to launch massive raids on several Mohawk communities in 1994. Under the pretence of cracking down on selling cigarettes, the stage was set for an invasion by 1,500 Canadian soldiers, 2,000 RCMP and 2,000 Sureté Quebec officers. The Canadian military’s elite Joint Task Force 2 unit was also prepared to be involved. Training and planning occurred over the course of a year.
The police forces were to lead an offensive strike while the soldiers secured the surrounding areas. [Page 34]
Eventually the plan was trashed when CSIS (Canadian Security Intelligence Service) warned the government of the massive bloodshed the invasion would cause and the possibility of a nation-wide indigenous uprising. [Page 35]”.
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