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MNN. 8 Nov. 2019. In 1884 the British soldiers lead by British General Gordon were trapped in Khartoum in Egypt. They needed supplies, food and ammunition.

No one could get through the treacherous rapids on the Nile known as the “Cataracts”. Only the kanionkehaka [Mohawks] of Kahnawake were known for their skill in shooting such dangerous rapids. They lived by the Lachine Rapids, the strongest in the world. They expertly took huge cargoes in long canoes over some of the world’s most treacherous rapids. 59 Mohawks volunteered for this dangerous mission in Egypt. 16 were lost. They took their long canoes to shoot the rapids on the Nile. They got to Khartoum. Everybody there had been slaughtered.


GUEST STORY: “Mighty Indigenous Warriors: From Egypt to the First World War

On the left of the graphic, Tatânga Mânî [Chief Walking Buffalo] [George McLean] in traditional regalia on horse. In the middle, Iggi and girl engaging in a “kunik”, a traditional greeting in Inuit culture. On the right, Maxime Marion, a Métis guide stands holding a rifle. In the background, there is a map of Upper and Lower Canada, and text from the Red River Settlement collection.

By Elizabeth Kawenaa Montour and Sara Chatfield

When First Nations, Inuit and Métis Nation were recruited in 1914 to fight in the First World War, enlistees were not aware of the new reality of 20th-century warfare. As a prelude to the First World War, in 1884, approximately 56 Kanienkenha:ka (Mohawk), 30 Ojibway and 19 Métis men were recruited for Britain’s six-month Nile expedition in Egypt totalling 400 men. The men were chosen for their strength, endurance, and skill in handling boats and rafts—qualities that were needed to navigate up the numerous cataracts and rapids of the Nile River.

They did not see active battle, as they arrived two days after the city of Khartoum, Sudan had fallen, and British Major Charles G. Gordon had been killed. The expedition returned with the loss of 16 men and stories of what they had seen. Along their journey on the Nile, they saw monolithic temples and statues carved out of hillsides at Abu Simbel, the Sphinx of Giza, the pyramids, exotic markets and Egyptian life in Cairo.

A black-and-white photograph of a large group of men standing in front of the Parliament buildings.

Canadian voyageurs in front of the Parliament Buildings, a detail from the “Canadian Nile Contingent,” 1884. (c002877)

Three decades later, their next involvement in an overseas military expedition was with the Canadian Expeditionary Forces (CEF) in the First World War. It was an opportunity for First Nations, Inuit and Métis Nation soldiers to see the world, and to prove their courage and combat skills. Soldiers were facing a major change in combat style and warfare. The new reality of war involved the use of chemical warfare, machine guns, fighter aircraft, armoured vehicles, and trench warfare.

Our latest Co-lab challenge, Correspondence regarding First Nations veterans returning after the First World War, illustrates some Indigenous peoples’ experiences during the war, touches upon how their communities coped during their absence, and gives information about their lives after they returned home. These documents provide us with information that the Personnel Records of the First World War may not. They offer information such as what the solider planned to do after the war, if he owned land or farm animals, or if he was suited to farming. There is also information about whether the soldier suffered any lingering disabilities, who they lived with, and if they had any dependants.

Created by the former Department of Indian Affairs, these records are unique in that an overseeing federal “Indian Agent” included personal information and comments on the returning First Nations soldiers. In contrast, this was not the case for non-Indigenous soldiers, as no similar sets of records exist for the rest of the CEF.

A page from the “Indian Agent’s Office,” Chippewa Hill, Saugeen Agency, February 14, 1919.

Document from RG10 Vol 6771 file 452-30 sent to Duncan Campbell Scott from T.A. Stout on February 14, 1919, providing information about John Besito. (Image found on Canadiana)

This personal information became part of the federal government files in Ottawa. The records are also unique in that the “Indian Agents” delved into the soldier’s post-service life. The information that was collected included gratuitous private information and personal judgements about the veterans and the civilian lives they returned to. For example, the “Indian Agent’s Office” notes dated February 1919 for Private John Besito from Saugeen Agency, Ontario, state, “He has a location of fifty acres in the Reserve. He has a house and some improvements on his location.”

As well as administrative information, such as CEF regimental numbers and membership in First Nation agencies and bands, these records also give us genealogical information. For example, the names of three deceased soldiers are listed in a letter to the Department of Indian Affairs dated February 12, 1919, written by the “Indian Agent” of the Griswold Agency in Manitoba. The letter states that the deceased soldiers are from Oak River and Oak Lake Reserves. The letter also includes the CEF regimental number of one of the deceased, Private John Taylor, and that the Department of Indian Affairs paid a pension to his wife and two children. Other correspondence informs us that Private Gilbert Moore, who was killed in action on March 24, 1918, left behind parents in poor circumstances and that they applied for a pension; and that Private Thomas Kasto left a mother who received a pension.

A black-and-white studio portrait of a First World War soldier in uniform and holding a rifle.

Photograph of Canadian Expeditionary Forces soldier Michael Ackabee. (e005176082)

As well as providing information about the soldiers who fought with the CEF, these files make reference to women in First Nation communities who provided funds to help with the war effort to organizations such as the Red Cross, the Girls Overseas Comfort Club, and the Canadian Patriotic Fund. Women in the communities knitted socks and made shirts to add to the “comfort boxes” that were mailed to the men overseas. They also fundraised by making beadwork, woven baskets, and quilts to sell at box socials and fairs.

Indigenous soldiers who survived the war often returned home changed, both positively and negatively. Sapper Peter Taylor, a Kahnawake soldier, suffered the rest of his life with complications from mustard gas poisoning until he passed away in 1955. Private Tom Longboat, the Olympic long distance runner from Six Nations of the Grand River reserve, returned home from his duty overseas in France to find his wife had remarried after receiving word that he had been killed.

A black-and-white photograph of two men in First World War military uniforms smiling and buying a newspaper from a young boy. The man on the right is accepting a newspaper from the boy and giving him money in exchange.

Private Tom Longboat, the Onondaga long distance runner, buying a newspaper from a French boy, June 1917. (a001479)

Many who returned home were affected mentally and physically. We give our gratitude for their sacrifices and service, and they will be forever acknowledged, honoured, and respected.

This blog is part of a series related to the Indigenous Documentary Heritage Initiatives. Learn how Library and Archives Canada (LAC) increases access to First Nations, Inuit and Métis Nation collections and supports communities in the preservation of Indigenous language recordings.

Elizabeth Kawenaa Montour is a project archivist and Sara Chatfield is a project manager in the Exhibitions and Online Content Division of the Public Service Branch at Library and Archives Canada.

The Andrew Sisters pumped out the best propaganda for the imperial war machine: “Pack up your troubles in your old kit bag and smile, smile, smile. Don’t let your joy and laughter hear the snag. Smile boys, that’s the style. What’s the use of worrying. It never was worth while. So pack up your troubles in your old kit bag and smile, smile, smile”. box 991, kahnawake Quebec Canada J0L 1B0 contact 



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MNN. 6 NOV. 2019. “wasaseh” is sung when something is damaged and it has to be fixed. Singing songs is a language. Once the tone comes from inside our consciousness, we activate our attitude, love, appreciation, desire for information. We can communicate with everything that exists. We can sing to the sun, earth, water, each other. 

We go in the natural direction so we can communicte with the universe. 


The onkwehonweh of turtle island have a responsibility to carry on the purpose of creation, the kaianerekowa, the great peace. Creation vested us through our tsikawatsi’rakeron, our families, with the land of onowarekeh, turtle island. The will of the families is consistent with the principles and philosophy of the great peace.

According to the story, dekanawida had united the wisk ni honon hon tsati, 5 rotino’shonni lands, [ Iroquois]. atotarho represented a mindset where he wanted to be the ultimate ruler and principle power. His mental state had to be changed.

A delegation crossed the Ondonaga Lake and sang the peace song, to teach him to accept the peace.

The first words when visiting is “skennakowa’ken”, are you at peace? After the unification the rotinoshonni began carrying out the duties of the kaianerekowa, the great peace. Groups were formed and sent throughout turtle island to bring the words of peace to the other onkwehonweh, to revive a better life, and became our allies. skennen tesahariwaientoh. They replanted the seeds of peace in the minds of the people.


The clans and families summon the ratehahinekos kahietaketati, the runners, who run, stomp and sing the peace song. Each runner carries a wampum to show that his mission is official, onikorha. They cannot stray from the instructions of the family. 

The runners carry the bundle, which is made with all the words they are going to say on their mission. 

Throughout their travel they have to stay in the balanced frame of mind. When they arrive at the edge of the woods of the village, a fire is made to make their presence known. The hosts send a delegation, who ask them, “What is the purpose for coming?”.

“The first words are “skennakowa ken”, we are here to reinstate the great peace”. The host delegation takes their request back to the village. They return and take them to the people who ceremoniously cleanse and feed them.

Afterwards, the ratehahinekos kahietaketatii [runners] tell them the complete message. When finished they wait for the answer of the people as to whether they accept the great peace or leave to report they have delivered it.


This is the protocol to unite our people. Today we are trying to stop the disrespect of our message.

The position of adordaho is important. dekanawida asked him, “What if I gave your power to the confederacy. When all the chiefs accept the peace, will you accept the responsibility to control all the meetings of the grand council to follow the kaianerekowa. Everybody must learn to live by the kaianerekowa.

When the ratehahinekos kahietaketati [runners] make their report, they are released from their mission, onensatetwennion.

Here’s the peace song of the Iroquois:

Here’s who we are trying to make peace with. As an old kanionkehaka [Mohawk] said, “It’s no use!. : “Get your motor runnin’. Head out on the highway. Lookin’ for adventure. And whatever comes our way. Yeah Darlin’ go make it happen. Take the world in a love embrace. Fire all of your guns at once
And explode into space”. [Steppenwolf “Born to be Wild”]. 

http:// box 991, kahnawake Quebec Canada J0L 1B0 contact 








Empire of the city (4 hours on the Ring Washington, Vatican and City of London

CAYUGA WINS COURT CASE IN NYS file:///Users/kahentinetha/Downloads/70opn19-Decision%20(1).pdf








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MNN. July 17, 2017. No colony has a right to denationalize the original people of the land they fraudulently occupy.

International law clearly states that no nation/colony/corporation has the right to denationalize anybody. Every people have a right to their own land, nationality, language, culture, government, identity and sovereignty.

Today governmental institutions [i.e. band tribal councils, AFN] of native people falsely represent the true original people of ono-ware-keh, great turtle island. Whatever agreements these native organizations enter into with Canada, U.S. or any other country in the western hemisphere they only represent their company and themselves privately.

We are not bound by anyone who are part of the calculated genocide of our people.

We, the onkwe-hon-weh, true natural people of this land never gave up our birthright.

All of our people have been robbed of our knowledge, and fooled through deceit and trickery to believe the propaganda that the invaders imposed on us through genocidal programs like the Indian act, residential schools, religion, etc.

These policies were meant to take away our memory of who we are. They tried to breed out the wolf and replace it with the dog. But any dog breeder knows that you cannot breed out the wolf. The message to all onkwe-hon-weh is, in the wind, listen to the wolf.

Steppenwolf sings: “Get your motor running, head out on the highway, looking for adventure. And whatever comes our way. Yah, darling, gonna make it happen. Take the world in a love embrace. Fire all of your guns at once, and explode into the space. I like smoke and lightning. Heavy metal thunder. Racing with the wind. And the feeling that I’m under. Like a true nature’s child, we were born, born to be wild. We can climb so high. And we’re never gonna die.”

Mohawk Nation News for more news, to donate and sign up for MNN newsletters, go to More stories at MNN Archives.  Address: Box 991, Kahnawake [Quebec, Canada] J0L 1B0 or original Mohawk music visit






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MNN. Feb. 16, 2016. Mohawks of Kahnawake Inc. is a privately owned corporation owned by Andrew Delisle Sr. It’s head office is 601 South 12th Street TSQ-901, Arlington, Virginia 22202, United States. This is the same address as Homeland Security. Kahnawake Inc. is run by the Central Intelligence Agency CIA. Here’s the lowdown: Kahnawake 16feb16

These corpo INJUNS need to visit the “Slapping Medicine Man” because they need a good wack

Delisle’ attended Loyola in Montreal. His bio describes his poor beginning “chopping wood, selling barrels of water and working on road crews crushing stones with a sledgehammer”. As if! Hitler said, “Make the lie big, repeat it and everyone will believe it!”

Andrew, you said it!

Andrew, you said it!

Loyola is now part of Concordia University of Montreal. The Chateau Clique creeps in here. The fraud being conducted here is headquartered out of the Molson School of Business of Concordia. The “assets” of Kahnawake are trained in “Open Systems Theory” on brainwashing and pacification at Loyola University of Chicago and UMass.


The main lawyer for MCK is Jean Pommainville who works out of the Arlington National Cemetary where all the historical swindlers end up.

Don't forget the corporations, their handlers, trainers and assets.

Don’t forget the corporations, their handlers, trainers and assets.

The Iroquois Caucus Inc. is made up of band and tribal governments throughout the Confederacy. They hope to represent the rotino’shonni Iroquois Confederacy. They are working on the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative new border crossing laws and cards which will be issued by them. We will never voluntarily ask them for  permission to do anything on our land. The traitors [Joseph Brants] are many amongst all our communities.

According to their plan Kahnawake is to become a municipality like Toronto. It is to be a cornerstone of the New World Order through imposed corporatism. All those who take part in the band council system are slaves to this fraud.

K'Town assets: "Oo-ooh! Are we all going down?"

K’Town assets: “Oo-ooh! Are we all going down?”

It looks like the elites have decided that money may go out of fashion but land will not. These swindlers are pretending to be wild INDIANS opening up corporations all over the world and hiding the money in their own boots! They are actually quite domesticated and run by their  handlers at Indian Affairs. They use Steppenwolf’s song to sidetrack us: “Get your motor running. Head out on the highway, looking for adventure and whatever comes our way. I like smoke and lightning, heavy metal thunder, racing in the wind and the feeling that I’m under. like a true nature’s child, we were born to be wild”.

MNN Mohawk Nation News or more news, to donate and sign up for MNN newsletters, go to More stories at MNN Archives. Address: Box 991, Kahnawake [Quebec, Canada] J0L 1B0 or original Mohawk music visit

Crashing banks buying land.

Elites running scared.








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MNN. DEC. 16, 2014. This letter was send to the Governor General of Canada, Hon. David Johnson, on December 16: ”I write to you today about how Canada is trying to implement the disastrous US Indian Termination Policy of 1945 to 1965. At the December 2 “negotiation” meeting held by the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake Inc. we were informed that an illegal settlement is being finalized between them and Ottawa. We would get some of our own money and then be removed.

Corpo INDIANS waiting for instructions from the CROWN.

Corpo INDIANS waiting for instructions from the CROWN.

The US wanted to remove the Indian interest on all land in order to have complete sovereignty over Ono’ware:geh. Ongwe’hon:we were to be assimilated into mainstream American society. Congress ended their sovereignty and obligations to them. They got a one-way ticket to a city. Their communities were municipalized or privatized. Those with resources were taken over by development corporations. Many died in the streets. Some tried to return to their homelands. They lost everything, all their property, exemptions, education, health and economic benefits were ended. Some resisted and had some of their rights and lands restored.

The attempted theft of our territory called the “Seigneury of Sault Louis” has been going on forever. In 1975 Chief Andrew Delisle tried to secretly remove our rights to our land through a Band Council Resolution he submitted to Indian Affairs. We fought it successfully. Now they are trying again.

The illegally imposed INDIAN Act councilors and their 200 or so voters are Canadians of INDIAN descent . They have relinquished their claims to all Rotino’shonni territory. The federal, provincial and band council governments cannot legally negotiate anything on our behalf.

This false ‘claim’ is based on a 1680 land grant by Louis XIV to the Jesuits, who control Admiralty court. We have lived here since the beginning of human time on earth. We will work out the terms for the settlers who wish to stay.

The 1701 Great Peace of Montreal was a “peace” treaty, not a land surrender. The Jesuits illegally gave our ‘seigneury’ land to French settlers. In 1762 British General Gage reconfirmed Mohawk title.

Kanion’ke:haka land extends south to the Mohawk River Valley, the Finger Lakes, west to the Ohio, north to Lake Superior and back to Lake St. Louis. There is speculation that a new wide deeper St. Lawrence Seaway channel will be built around the south of Kahnawake. A cross-Canada pipeline is coming through. Our community will be uninhabitable. Lands of other Ongwe’hon:we are apparently being set aside for us in the north to cut our roots from our land.

Rotis'kenra:kete: "How do you like me now, soldier boy?"

Rotis’kenra:kete: “How do you like me now, soldier boy?”

We never became British subjects or Canadian citizens. Sir William Johnson, the first Superintendent of Indian Affairs and the Crown’s representative in North America, knew how things stood. In 1767, five years after the conquest of the French, he wrote to Earl Shelburne, “One who would call the Six Nations our subjects needs a good army at his back!” In 1767 Governor Simcoe wrote that the Ongwe’hon:we consider their nations as “entirely independent”. In 1796 the Attorney General of Canada noted that, “The Six Nations do not acknowledge the sovereignty of the King. They call themselves allies.”

The 1763 Royal Proclamation affirmed this position. Colonial governors could not make grants or purchases throughout Ono’ware:geh.

The Guswentha [Two Row Wampum] is our basic relationship with the settlers. They are international “peace and trade” agreements that originated between us and the Dutch, English and French.

Kahtihon’tia:kwenio, the “progenitors of the soil”, are the holders of the land for the coming generations. The CROWN’s representatives cannot negotiate for us.

The Seigneury fraud is being worked out between lawyers under Admiralty court rules which implements the genocide program. This issue does not belong in your Admiralty court. We will be seeking redress at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague. This is the only court where we might get a fair trial based on natural law. Govern yourselves accordingly.

As the Canadian band, Steppenwolf, explain about the Mohawk; “Like a true nature’s child, we were born to be wild. We can climb so high we never want to die. Born to be wild. Born to be wild. Born to be wild”.


MNN Mohawk Nation News For more news, books, workshops, to donate and sign up for MNN newsletters, go to  More stories at MNN Archives.  Address:  Box 991, Kahnawake [Quebec, Canada] J0L for original Mohawk music visit

GG is old time corporatism.

Obama 50 wounded knees.

Address: Governor General, Rideau Hall, 1 Sussex Drive, Ottawa Canada K1A -0A1,613-993-8200.

Cc: US President Barack Obama, Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Premier, Province of Quebec, City of Montreal, President of France, Progressive Conservative Party, New Democratic Party, Parti Quebecois, UN High Commission for Human Rights, Governor of New York State, Mohawk communities: St. Regis Mohawk Tribe Inc., Mohawk Council of Akwesasne Inc., Kanio’ke:haka Kaianereh’kowa Kanon’ses:neh, Mohawk Council of Kahnawake Inc., Mohawk Trail Longhouse, 207 Longhouse, Up-the-Hill Longhouse, Ganiengeh Mohawk Territory, Tyendinaga Mohawks, Kanekota Mohawks, Wahta Mohawks, Kanatsiohareke,     Minister, Department of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington DC.

Note: Please forward this notice to all Ongwehonwe nations throughout the western hemisphere and to our allies worldwide. Send your comments to the Governor General and MCK